The process of cultivating cannabis plants is crowned by the harvest you gather and the joy. It matters a lot, to your success as a cannabis plant grower, to harvest cannabis plants when appropriate and by doing this correctly.
You need to make sure that the plants have reached their top condition before you actually start harvesting, if you want to enjoy high-quality products. It is an incredible feeling to eat or smoke the plants that you grew from small seedlings, caring and nurturing with your own hands.
No matter what products you buy and regardless if they are of an outstanding quality, the plants you grow on your own will always deliver the highest degree of personal satisfaction.
When to harvest Cannabis plants
So, getting back to the harvesting process, when it is best to harvest cannabis plants?
As your plants mature, you need to keep an eye on them in order to spot any signs that they have reached the highest THC content, as this shows that they reached their maturity and they are ready to be harvested.
THC is a substance that is produced throughout the entire life of a cannabis plant, because it acts as a natural insect repellant and keeps bugs from harming the plant.
THC is present in every part of the plant, but the leaves and especially its buds contain by far the highest concentration of THC.
Also, it is worth knowing that the concentration of THC in various parts of the plant may differ a lot, depending on how you work with each plant part. To put it this way, the leaves of the cannabis plant will reach maturity, from a THC content point of view, once they are entirely green and stop growing.
But, the female buds of the plant, if they are left unfertilized, can continue accumulating THC for another 6 to 10 weeks since the first time they bloomed, an aspect that is different from one plant strain to another. This is why the buds will always be much more potent than the leaves.
Different Strains – different harvest time
If you get your plant seed from a reliable seller, he will give you indications about when it is best to harvest the plant, again because this depends a lot on the strain.
But if you are growing several strains of cannabis or got seeds without getting information about harvesting, you will have to keep the plants under close supervision and follow your gut instincts on when it is best to harvest the plants. When it comes to harvesting leaves, pruning the plants adequately throughout their development should let you know when the leaves are ready to be harvested.
When the leaf reached its maturity, being completely green and extended, the maximum amount of THC has been reached. You can harvest some leaves while the plant continues to develop and head toward the flowering moment, but don’t overdo it, because it may traumatize the plant and it will delay its flowering.
Also, don’t prune the leaves around the buds, because they will continue accumulating THC until the plant flowers.
Male Cannabis Plants – Flowers
While male buds don’t over the same potency as female buds, it is still worth harvesting them because they provide a decent high when smoked.
The best moment to harvest cannabis male buds is when they almost ready for pollination. This means that they will have the pollen sacks fully grown, hanging and visible, but not yet open.Now is the best stage to collect them if you want to enjoy the biggest amount of THC they can accumulate.
Also, it is worth saving a couple of male buds if you’re looking to pollinate the next year cannabis generation of plants.But, the biggest prize is to get the unfertilized female buds of the plant, the ones that are capable of providing the best sensations when smoking cannabis.
Female Cannabis Plants – Flowers
Again, the buds will reach maturity depending on the plant strain you are growing. Once a plant flowers, pistils will raise from the flower, appearing like small hairs.
In their initial development stages, the pistils are white, which shows that they are not ready to be harvested just yet. A pistil that reached the highest level of THC will have a deep golden color or be even brown.
Also, both the female buds and the leaves in their proximity will have on their surface very small stalks, which are rich in THC resin. When this happens, the plant will appear like being frozen or covered in dew drops. When these small crystals appear, it means that the female bud reached the full bloom stage and you should be prepared to harvest the plant.
The crystals should have a crystal clear color or a milky white appearance when they are best to harvest. Don’t allow them to reach an amber-like color, because the THC concentration will drop, as these crystals will start to decompose.
Also, because of them and to avoid losing them, harvesting should be made with a lot of care and patience.
Fertilized female flowers – harvest seeds
Each bud should be separated from the parent step by using a very sharp scissors and place the harvested buds into a bowl. This will help you get the seeds from your own plants in order to create a future cannabis plantation, allowing you to manually select the best looking seeds.
To do this, take a bud between your fingers and place a collection bowl under it.
Then gently squeeze and rub the bud between your fingers to allow the seeds to fall. You will definitely feel the seeds while you do this, so be careful not to drop them randomly.
If you don’t insist in growing another crop from the seeds of your own plants, although your plants are usually more productive when it comes to seeds rather than the buds you buy from any seller out there, to harvest your cannabis plants just uproot it entirely and hang it upside down, with its buds toward the ground. This will allow them to dry nicely before being used.
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