How to harvest Cannabis plants – Marijuana Buds

How to harvest Cannabis plants – Marijuana Buds

how to harvest cannabis plantsThe process of cultivating cannabis plants is crowned by the harvest you gather and the joy.  It matters a lot, to your success as a cannabis plant grower, to harvest cannabis plants when appropriate and by doing this correctly.

You need to make sure that the plants have reached their top condition before you actually start harvesting, if you want to enjoy high-quality products. It is an incredible feeling to eat or smoke the plants that you grew from small seedlings, caring and nurturing with your own hands.

No matter what products you buy and regardless if they are of an outstanding quality, the plants you grow on your own will always deliver the highest degree of personal satisfaction.

When to harvest Cannabis plants
When to harvest Cannabis plants
When to harvest Cannabis plants

So, getting back to the harvesting process, when it is best to harvest cannabis plants?

As your plants mature, you need to keep an eye on them in order to spot any signs that they have reached the highest THC content, as this shows that they reached their maturity and they are ready to be harvested.

THC is a substance that is produced throughout the entire life of a cannabis plant, because it acts as a natural insect repellant and keeps bugs from harming the plant.

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Cannabis Leaves
Cannabis Leavs
Cannabis Leaves
Cannabis Leaves

THC is present in every part of the plant, but the leaves and especially its buds contain by far the highest concentration of THC.

Also, it is worth knowing that the concentration of THC in various parts of the plant may differ a lot, depending on how you work with each plant part. To put it this way, the leaves of the cannabis plant will reach maturity, from a THC content point of view, once they are entirely green and stop growing.

But, the female buds of the plant, if they are left unfertilized, can continue accumulating THC for another 6 to 10 weeks since the first time they bloomed, an aspect that is different from one plant strain to another. This is why the buds will always be much more potent than the leaves.

Different Strains – different harvest time

If you get your plant seed from a reliable seller, he will give you indications about when it is best to harvest the plant, again because this depends a lot on the strain.

But if you are growing several strains of cannabis or got seeds without getting information about harvesting, you will have to keep the plants under close supervision and follow your gut instincts on when it is best to harvest the plants. When it comes to harvesting leaves, pruning the plants adequately throughout their development should let you know when the leaves are ready to be harvested.

When the leaf reached its maturity, being completely green and extended, the maximum amount of THC has been reached. You can harvest some leaves while the plant continues to develop and head toward the flowering moment, but don’t overdo it, because it may traumatize the plant and it will delay its flowering.

Also, don’t prune the leaves around the buds, because they will continue accumulating THC until the plant flowers.

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Male Cannabis Plants – Flowers
Male Cannabis Plants – Flowers
Male Cannabis Plants – Flowers
Male Cannabis Plants – Flowers

While male buds don’t over the same potency as female buds, it is still worth harvesting them because they provide a decent high when smoked.

The best moment to harvest cannabis male buds is when they almost ready for pollination. This means that they will have the pollen sacks fully grown, hanging and visible, but not yet open.Now is the best stage to collect them if you want to enjoy the biggest amount of THC they can accumulate.

Also, it is worth saving a couple of male buds if you’re looking to pollinate the next year cannabis generation of plants.But, the biggest prize is to get the unfertilized female buds of the plant, the ones that are capable of providing the best sensations when smoking cannabis.

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Female Cannabis Plants – Flowers
Female Cannabis Plants – Flowers
Female Cannabis Plants – Flowers

Again, the buds will reach maturity depending on the plant strain you are growing. Once a plant flowers, pistils will raise from the flower, appearing like small hairs.

In their initial development stages, the pistils are white, which shows that they are not ready to be harvested just yet. A pistil that reached the highest level of THC will have a deep golden color or be even brown.

Also, both the female buds and the leaves in their proximity will have on their surface very small stalks, which are rich in THC resin. When this happens, the plant will appear like being frozen or covered in dew drops. When these small crystals appear, it means that the female bud reached the full bloom stage and you should be prepared to harvest the plant.

The crystals should have a crystal clear color or a milky white appearance when they are best to harvest. Don’t allow them to reach an amber-like color, because the THC concentration will drop, as these crystals will start to decompose.

Also, because of them and to avoid losing them, harvesting should be made with a lot of care and patience.

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Fertilized female flowers – harvest seeds

Fertilized female flowers - harvest seedsEach bud should be separated from the parent step by using a very sharp scissors and place the harvested buds into a bowl. This will help you get the seeds from your own plants in order to create a future cannabis plantation, allowing you to manually select the best looking seeds.

To do this, take a bud between your fingers and place a collection bowl under it.

Then gently squeeze and rub the bud between your fingers to allow the seeds to fall. You will definitely feel the seeds while you do this, so be careful not to drop them randomly.

If you don’t insist in growing another crop from the seeds of your own plants, although your plants are usually more productive when it comes to seeds rather than the buds you buy from any seller out there, to harvest your cannabis plants just uproot it entirely and hang it upside down, with its buds toward the ground. This will allow them to dry nicely before being used.

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How to clone Cannabis – Marijuana cuttings

How to clone Cannabis – Marijuana cuttings

How to Clone CannabisWhile this may sound like a Sci-Fi scenario, making you think that for obtaining cannabis clones you need a well-equipped lab, it is worth knowing that achieving such a goal is not impossible. So, in this Guide we take a close look at “How to Clone Cannabis”.

You don’t need a laboratory and you don’t have to be a mad scientist, although you will need to be dedicated and have patience. Every hard-working cannabis grower wishes to do this because it is regarded as a well-deserved bonus for their perseverance and efforts.

Also, cannabis cloning will lead you toward a harvest that is much improved and a risk-free yield. What is it needed to unroll a successful cloning process? You need to determine which plants are healthy and most productive, both male and female because this is all you need to clone cannabis without any issues.

How to Clone Cannabis: Foreword

Foreword to Cloning CannabisBelieve it or not, with the help of one single plant, you can grow up to 50 clones every week.

In fact, if you already have your favorite plants, those that look the best of your entire crop, it would be even easier to pick the best specimens for this process.

Even if you never did this before, you should not hesitate trying it out, because it has an elevated success rate.

So, the chances for you not to be able to clone cannabis are quite reduced.

Also, if you plan to grow your cannabis business this is one of the best methods that will help you reach this goal, allowing you to obtain high-quality plants and a great harvest. You’d better make sure to sit comfortably because you are about to find out everything you need to know about cannabis cloning.

How to Clone Cannabis: What is cloning – what are clones ?

what are clonesEven if it appears like a fancy and complicated process, cannabis cloning is really not that complex or spectacular. It is all about clipping a part of your marijuana plant and moving it elsewhere, where it can develop on its own.

This is about it and this is why you need to find the best plants for this process because you are taking the vegetal matter that will turn into a new plant.

So making sure the matter is outstanding will guarantee an outstanding future plant as well.

Of course, this doesn’t mean that every cloning procedure will be a total success. There are some challenges as well, which are usually experienced by those cannabis growers that cultivate and grow their plants outdoors.

In this case, the best area to do cannabis cloning is where the growing period is longer. Thus, you allow the plant’s clones to develop and grow sufficiently.

Even so, the new plants may not reach the full size of the parent plant. Still, don’t get this wrong, because even if the plant is shorter, you can still enjoy plenty of buds in the harvesting period, the top of the plant having buds on almost all of its surface.

A Tip for Cloners

As a tip from cannabis growers that practice cloning, the parts of the plant harvested to produce clones should be the branches located at the bottom. These branches will never get enough light, therefore not managing to develop like the others do.

So, from a single cannabis plant, you can take anywhere between 2 and 4 branches at once, without putting the health of the parent plant in danger.

If all these clones survive, your harvest will be much improved if not even doubled, depending on the number of branches you decide to harvest. But, do have in mind that more than half of the clones will not make it.

Yes, there are high chances for them never to grow roots and grow into healthy cannabis plants. But, don’t allow this aspect to discourage you.

As mentioned previously, you can take several branches of each healthy plant, which means plenty of clones and a decent number of clones that manager to grow roots.

The mother plant for the cuttings

The mother plant for the cuttingsThe process should always start with choosing the plants that will provide the clones. Don’t make hasty decisions in this case, because you need to find a plant that looks strong, which grew fast and nice, produces great buds, and provides great yield.

Also, do have in minding that timing is very important as well when it comes to taking plant parts for cloning.

Thus, it is not recommended at all to cut branches off your plant during the flowering period.

Branches harvested when the plant is blooming will be more prone to dying rather than to growing roots, so make sure your cannabis plants are in a vegetative state when you do this.

It means that the plant stopped growing and it is not getting ready to bloom either. It is also worth knowing that the best clones are the ones taken from regular cannabis seeds and not from seeds that have been feminized.

You see, feminized seeds are produced only when the cannabis plant goes under stress. So if you will stress them once more by harvesting branches for cloning, the stress can make them hermaphrodites.

Also, do not harvest clones from a plant that is under two months old. The minimum requirement a cannabis plant should meet in order to be suitable for cloning, besides being healthy and vigorous, is that it should be two months old, if not even more.

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Preparing the mother plant

It would be even better if you could wait for the cannabis plant to be in a vegetative state of three months because you’ll be able to take several clones in safety without compromising the health of the plant.

So, let’s say that the plants meet this requirement and you already have your eyes on several potential plants that might be just great for cloning.

Before taking the clones away, you need to prepare the plants. A week or two prior to clipping off the clones, the selected plants should receive 10% less nitrogen than usually.

Doing so will definitely increase the chances for your clones to grow roots successfully.

How to cut a Clone
How to cut a Clone
How to cut a Clone
How to cut a Clone

                 Select a clone                                 cutt of side branches                         to promote growth

How to cut a Clone
How to cut a Clone
How to cut a Clone

                   Cut leaves                                    to avoid evaporation                             clone ready to start

When selecting a clone, make sure you choose a good looking branch, which will 6 to 8 inches after it has been removed from the parent plant. The branch should have at least one pair of leaves on it, while the bottom branches of the clone should be removed, because they will never produce anything, only consuming the plant’s resources.

The cutting tool you will use should be sharp enough because you want to cut and not rip apart your plant. Also, when cutting the clone from the plant, you may want to make a diagonal cut, because the resulted area will be wider, allowing more roots to grow than in the case of a straight cut.

Once the bottom branches of the clone have been removed, you will also have to cut the remaining leaves in the top almost in half. This means to remove the tips of the leaves, leaving more than half of the leaf on the clone, in order to avoid evaporation.

Besides sharp knives or scissors, you will also need rooting gel or powder, and rock wool cubes or potting soil, depending on the method you will choose to use, to make sure that your clones have all the chances and conditions they need to grow roots.

Making Cannabis Clones in Rockwool
clone rockwool 1
cutting clones
clone rockwool 3

  Soak rockwool in 5.5 pH water                   slant cut the clone                           dip clone in rooting gel

Making Cannabis Clones in Rockwool
Making Cannabis Clones in Rockwool
Take care of the clones

      Place it in a rockwool cube                  put them in a propagator                  create ideal temperature

The method that uses rockwool cubes means having the clones prepared as mentioned earlier and dipping their bottom part in rooting gel or power, to have the root production stimulated.

Once this is done, you will have to place the lower area in a rockwool cube and put the plant under CFL light. To promote root growth, make sure the plants enjoy a humidity of 90% and temperatures between 72 and 75°F (or 22 and 24°C).

Also, soak the rockwool cube in water with a neutral pH, of 5.5, a few hours every day. Then, be patient, because it takes between 8 to 12 days for roots to emerge if everything goes according to plan.

Making Cannabis Clones in Soil
clones soil4
Making Cannabis Clones in Soil
Making Cannabis Clones in Soil

              Slant cut the stem                             Dip it in rooting gel                    Stick the plant into the soil

Making Cannabis Clones in Soil
Making Cannabis Clones in Soil
Making Cannabis Clones in Soil

                   Push a little                                  Give the plants water                    Spray the plants with water                

Making Cannabis Clones in Soil
Making Cannabis Clones in Soil
Making Cannabis Clones in Soil

          Spray the propagator                          Create a nice climate                         Put it under cfl lights

Potting soil is also good for creating clones, instead of rockwool cubes, so don’t hesitate using this method if it seems more suitable. Before putting your clone into potting soil, all the mature leaves will have to be removed first, leaving only a few leaves at the top of the stalk, which will have their tips cut.

Again, dip the cut bottom part into rooting powder or gel and put the clone into a small container that has potting soil it in. Once they were nicely placed in the soil, give the plants some water and put them under CFL lights, where they should remain until their roots will grow.

Don’t forget to spray water on the plants periodically, to keep the humidity in the air elevated. And keep in mind to water the plants with regularity.

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Making Cannabis Clones in Water
Making Cannabis Clones in Water
Making Cannabis Clones in Water
Making Cannabis Clones in Water

           Use water with EC 5.8                            cover top of cup                            cut small hole in cover

Making Cannabis Clones in Water
Making Cannabis Clones in Water
Making Cannabis Clones in Water

          dip clone in rooting gel                     put it into the water                         clones will root in 5-10 days       

Believe it or not, you can even make clones in water, without rockwool cubes or potting soil. Yes, this method can be successful if you follow a few rules. Again, remove all mature leaves from the stem, leaving just the top leaves.

You will need a container with water, a small bottle being most suitable because its narrow neck allows the plant to stay straight while its stem is in the water. Next, you will want to fill the container with water that has been improved with food for plants.Then take the cones and submerge their stalks in the water and leave them this way, stirring the water every few days so that algae won’t develop.

But, if you do spot algae, changing the water will solve the problem for you. Don’t place the clones under direct sunlight, providing them with indirect light or light that is a bit less intense until new leaves start forming at the top of the plant.

By the time new leaves start growing, the roots should start doing the same, a sign that the plant is kicking and ready to start developing. Still, don’t take the plant out of the water just yet, allowing it to form a nice ball of roots that will make it prepared to be placed in soil.

How to transplant Clones

How to transplant ClonesOnce you clones have a good amount of roots, regardless of the method you decided to use, it is time to finally transplant them. The operation is similar to the one unrolled when dealing with seedlings in the growing season, so if you did that then you’ll probably know what this is all about.

The transplanting process is pretty much the same in the case of clones that rooted in potting soil or rockwool cubes. But, when it comes to clones that developed roots in water, things change a little, and a different transplanting method should be used.

Prepare the transplanting spot by digging a hole that is large enough to fit the container and the water where the plant grew roots. Then move the plant, together with its container and water, to the location where you will transplant it. Keep in mind not to expose the roots of the plants to air, this part being extremely important to make sure that the transplanting process will be successful.

Place the plant in the hole you create it and cover it with soil. Then pat gently on the soil to make sure that the soil covers the roots firmly and that air has been removed. Finish by watering the plant with sufficient water that was mixed with quality plant food.

Take care of the clones

Take care of the clonesClones that developed roots are very unlikely to die, so if you care for them properly, they will grow and develop and reach the flowering stage within two or three months.

It is worth knowing that the clone may end up having a different sex than the plant that provided the stem.

So you should not be stunned if something like this happens. Just make sure that until the clones develop roots, to keep them in warmer temperatures than regular room temperatures, somewhere between 72 and 77°F being ideal.

Also, it would be good to know that watering their support, like soil or rockwool, won’t help them too much because they have no roots to absorb the water. Instead, you can help them by spraying water on their leaves, as it will be absorbed this way much better.

Nutrients that are milder can also be delivered to the plant in this manner, by spraying them on the leaves, giving the plant everything it needs to thrive.

 

Best Soil for Cannabis – Growing Cannabis in Soil

Best Soil for Cannabis – Growing Cannabis in Soil

best soil for cannabisCannabis is a plant and it simply loves growing in soil. High quality soil will make sure that your cannabis plants thrive and grow healthy, making your tasks as a grower much easier than any other methods. Regardless of growing this plant indoor and outdoor, providing it the soil it needs will ensure a beautiful and health cannabis culture. The best soil for cannabis is therefore something what you should strive for.

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