What are feminized cannabis seeds? A guide to female Marijuana plants

What are feminized cannabis seeds A guide to female Marijuana plants
What are feminized cannabis seeds A guide to female Marijuana plants

In the natural kingdom, in order for the reproduction of a species to take place, there must be a female organism and a male organism. It’s true that there are exceptions from this rule, but such cases are rare and exceptional. The same happens in the case of cannabis plants. Reproduction happens with the help of female and male plants. And for those that cultivate cannabis, reproduction is a highly important process, because, together with the gender of the plant, it can significantly impact the harvest. And a rich harvest is the dream of every cannabis grower.

In this present guide, you’ll learn everything you need to know about the reproduction of cannabis plants and feminized cannabis seeds. Once you finish reading it, you’ll know how to set apart female and male plants, what to do to ensure an outstanding harvest, and how to identify those rare cases of “hermie” plants. If achieving great results is a goal for you, the details provided by this guide will certainly help out.

What are feminized cannabis seeds?

If you will ask most cannabis growers what their dream is, there are high chances that they will answer a garden filled with female plants only. It is an unpleasant feeling to have to throw away a plant you grew from a seed, just because you realize that it is a male plant. But, at the same time, when there are males there’s also the risk of pollination, which will reduce the quality of your yield.

Even if there’s just one male plant, the pollen produced by it can pollinate a good number of female plants. If you want to avoid this without having to throw away male plants, you need to seriously consider feminized seeds.

What are feminized cannabis seeds and how can they help?

Feminized seeds were created in order to allow growers to produce female plants. Thus, gender selection starts at the stage of seeds. When using such seeds, you can be entirely certain that no male plants will pop out.

However, feminized seeds could transform into hermaphrodite plants, which have the ability to fertilize themselves, without the need to have any males around. As you can tell, this is not a desirable scenario, but it is a possibility when using feminized seeds.

How can cannabis seeds be feminized?

How can cannabis seeds be feminized

When feminized seeds appeared for the first time, the method used for their feminization allowed the appearance of hermaphrodite plants more often than it happens today. But, with the passage of time, the feminization process was improved and today there are very slim chances for hermaphrodites to emerge, by using feminized seeds alone.

These days, cannabis breeders use rhodelization, which is a method used to make feminized seeds more stable. Thus, the risk for them to develop plants with both reproductive organs is significantly reduced. Rhodelization forces the seeds to grow into female plants, by using the power of silver. And, in most cases, the plants remain females even in harsh conditions.

Seeds that go through this process with silver are just as stable as regular cannabis seeds. At maturity, the plants will require pollination in order to produce seeds, as regular plants do. Also, the plants they will produce, through seeds, will also be stable. So, the process does not change the genes of the plant whatsoever.

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How do cannabis plants reproduce?

If you are interested in growing cannabis, this is among the first things you need to know. Reproduction is very important for the evolution of every organism out there and it’s no different when it comes to cannabis. Getting your hands on this kind of information and understanding how everything happens will certainly make a difference in your activity.

An essential piece of information is the fact that cannabis has separate male and female plants. In other words, you won’t find male and female reproductive organs on the same plant, as commonly met in the vegetal world.

Cannabis is special because the species features female plants and male plants, so they are separate individuals, just like in the case of humans. However, it is worth mentioning that hermaphrodite individuals can occur in the case of cannabis plants. In this case, both male and female reproductive organs will be found on the same plants.

Why is it important to tell a female from males and have the ability to identify hermaphrodite plants? Cannabis plants require more than just the presence of males and females in the same room to make reproduction happen.

The environmental factors surrounding the plants are also extremely important and will impact the process. Also, some plants are more desirable when looking to obtain a satisfying yield than others. So, knowing how to tell the plants apart, based on their sex, is a must if you want to be a successful cannabis grower.

Signs that will help you identify the gender of your plants

male and female cannabis

Although it may seem daunting to differentiate male plants from female plants, there are clear signs that will help you out. However, you will have to keep a close eye on your plants, especially when they are around the desired height and ready to finish their vegetative period.

The reason you should be extra careful at this point is the goal of obtaining “sinsemilla” female plants. The sinsemillas are actually female plants without seeds, with buds that contain a much higher level of THC. Male plants, on the other hand, will have a lower level of THC.

So, at one point, all the cannabis plants in your garden will have some sort of flowers. Still, this doesn’t mean you should allow all of them to flower. You will find out why later on in this guide.

Male cannabis plants

Cannabis Male Pre Flower

Male cannabis plants tend to grow taller than females and they also reach maturity faster. If you notice plants that are growing faster than the rest, reaching a taller stature, then you could be dealing with male cannabis plants.

As a general rule, male plants reach maturity two weeks sooner than female plants. This explains why some will be taller than the rest at some point.

Male plants grow faster and taller so they can be ready to pollinate the female plants once they too reach maturity. Also, male plants can begin their flowering phase up to one month earlier than the flowering period of female plants. Thus, you’ll get clues about their gender faster. Here is what you need to look for:

  • Male plants have a straighter figure;
  • They will feature a lower number of flowers compared to female plants;
  • The flowers will develop in the top part of the plant, from where pollen can be spread easily;
  • Male flowers appear like green clusters of closed petals;
  • In the spot where a leaf is connected to the main stem, small buds will appear, looking like a miniature bunch of bananas;

Female cannabis plants

female preflowers cannabis

Female cannabis plants are easier to differentiate from males because their sigs are more visible.

Also, the flowers of female plants bloom later than those of males. So, if you notice some plants flowering faster than others, those are most certainly male plants, as it takes longer for female flowers to bloom. Of course, there are other signs indicating a female plant:

  • In the node area on the stalk, from where branches shoot, you should notice stigmas; the stigmas are like small buds with two thin antennas coming out;
  • The flowers, once they open, will have white, cream, or yellow color, compared to the green color of male flowers;
  • Their pistils have a whitish color and feature a hairy-like aspect, as they are meant to catch the pollen falling from male plants;
  • The stem is slightly shorter in terms of height and presents a higher number of branches than male plants, or at least the branches appear closer to one another;

Other signs that confirm the gender of a plant

The way plants develop

Up to a point, all plants will look the same. They will have the same height and shape. But, as you found out earlier, a male will start growing faster than females. This is why they will be taller and have a longer stem, with fewer branches on it.

Because they have to grow taller, they won’t invest too much energy into growing too many branches. This particular sign is not guaranteed to help you separate males from females. But it will let you know what plants to keep an eye on.

Female plants that are not pollinated will produce buds with higher levels of THC. This is why finding out the males before they spread their pollen is useful for your yield. Thus, if you notice signs indicating male plants as soon as possible, it is worth keeping an eye on their development.

Look for further signs that prove you’re dealing with a male plant, before taking any decision. Also, female plants remain shorter and will appear bushier, due to a higher number of branches they produce.

Check to see how the seeds have sprouted

Did it occur to you that the way seeds sprout may give you a clue to their gender, later on? This is not a method backed up by science, but according to experienced cannabis growers, it has a success rate of up to 90%. It doesn’t hurt to try and it will definitely give you a heads up.

How to use this method?

Well, you will have to keep an eye on seeds once they start germinating. If the young plant sprouted through the top or bottom of the seeds, there are high chances it is going to be a female plant. If the plant sprouted on the sides, then you may end up with a male plant.

Bear in mind that such predictions are not accurate, so you should not rush into drawing any conclusions. What you can do is to write down your findings and suspicions, further documenting the development of your plants. Give them the chance to grow and show other signs of gender before reaching a conclusion. You will eventually find out if your suspicions were true or not.

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Cloning the plants will give you full control over their gender

Cannabis clones

If you want to be sure of the plants’ gender right from the start, the only certain method that will get you there is cloning. Because cloning assumes using a plant that is already mature, you will already know the sex of the clones. So, there’s no guessing around this method and you’ll have precisely the gender you want. As you may suspect, cloning means getting a cut fragment out of a mature plant. There’s no need to worry about harming the plant because if you do it right, there are no risks involved. Also, the method is simpler than it may sound. Just make sure to respect the following steps:

  • Choose a healthy, mature plant for cutting;
  • Select the fragment of plant that you are about to cut;
  • Cut the fragment by using a sharp tool that was previously disinfected;
  • Put the cut fragment into potting soil;
  • Make sure the soil is sufficiently moist, to encourage the growth of roots;
  • Grow the plant by respecting the same rules as with the rest of the cannabis plants;
  • Flowering can be forced on the clone after just a couple of days of growth, by using the 12-12 light schedule;

You should keep track of clones and their hosts, knowing which came from where. This way, you will not have issues knowing the gender of each of your clones. Because the clone has the same DNA as its host, it is a method that usually works and the clones will end up having the same gender as the host.

However, even it is a rather simple process, it can be quite troublesome and top results are not guaranteed. Just think about the fact that the clones need to adapt quickly and grow roots, just to be forced into flowering. You should know that mature plants can also be forced into flowering, so you don’t need clones for this process.

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The connection between flowering and reproduction of plants

The plants are ready for reproduction once there are mature and have their gender fully developed. You need to know that this process is all about because both flowering and reproduction will influence your culture and yield. The better you understand these processes, the more you will be able to control your cannabis culture and obtain high-quality results.

The formation of flowers on female plants

The formation of flowers on female plants

When it comes to female plants, the stigmas are the formations responsible for the plant’s reproduction. The stigmas are the female version of pollen, and the interaction of these two leads to the reproduction of the plant. But before stigmas appear on the plant, the cola emerges.

The cola is actually a cluster containing several buds. This forms at the junction of the main stem and its branches, in the upper half of the plant. The cola contains a number of pistils, which, in their turn, contain the previously mentioned stigmas.

The buds of female plants are the ones preparing the female flowers for pollination. When the buds open, the female plants are in bloom and are ready to be fertilized by the male plants. As the cola grows, it stretches and forms the buds. The buds, as well, produce flowers at their top.

From the flowers, long pistils emerge, pushing the stigmas even further. This is how the female plants are getting ready to catch the pollen that will fall from above, scattered by male plants, which grow taller.

So, as you can see, the male plant grows taller while the female plant stretches its flowers and stigmas to capture the pollen. Everything has an order in the natural world that makes things work right.

It is worth mentioning that pollination can happen regardless of the color of the stigmas. In certain conditions, the color of the stigmas can change, but that’s not an indicator that the plant has become infertile. Even if the stigmas die, like after heavy rain in the case of plants grown outdoors, pollination can still occur.

Which part of the flower produces the precious resin?

Which part of the flower produces the precious resin?

If you have basic knowledge about cannabis plants, you probably know that resin is the most prized good offered by these plants. The precious resin is produced by female plants, during their flowering process.

If you take a closer look at a female cannabis flower, you will notice thin “hairs”, called trichomes. These “hairs” are responsible for the production of resin, which will be found on nearby flowers and leaves.

To get the resin, you will have to handle the buds with extreme care. This substance is quite fragile, as it forms in the shape of tiny balls connected by a minuscule neck. So, if you treat the buds roughly, there are high chances for these resin balls to break and fall on the ground, instead of being harvested by you.

Details about pollination

As a cannabis grower looking to enjoy a good yield and precious buds, one thing is certain and that is the fact that pollination must not happen. If it does, the flowers produced by the female plants will begin to change and lose part of their value to a cannabis user. Let us explain more, so you’ll understand why you need to keep female flowers away from pollen.

When the male flower is mature, it will release pollen granules with the purpose of reaching the stigmas produced by the female flowers. When this happens, the small pollen granule will fall into the pistil, reaching the egg waiting for it inside. The union of the pollen and egg will produce cannabis seeds.

You should understand that the cannabis plants, both males and females, were made to increase their chances of pollination. Out in nature, this increases the chances of the species to survive, through the production of new plants.

Thus, pollen can last for several days in a row, in a variety of environments. Female plants will also do their best to increase the chances of pollination. They will invest energy into growing longer pistils, with the hope they will manage to catch some pollen.

However, the pistils will not live forever. Once they reach their maturity, they will start to die, which means that the stigmas will also fade away. At this point, pollination is not possible. But, when the pistils die, the production of resin slows down gradually as well. In a short while, the trichomes carrying the resin balls will break as well.

Slowly but surely, the plant will begin to die, heading toward the end of its life. This should not scare you, as the degradation of pistils happens gradually, giving you plenty of time to collect the harvest.

What are auto-flowering plants and what are their advantages/disadvantages?

If you did some research about cannabis plants, you probably came across the term “auto-flowering” plants. They are indeed different than regular plants, which flower at the end of the summer when days are getting shorter and nights to have more hours. So, in this case, light is the factor that triggers the flowering process. This is why regular cannabis plants require a 12-12 light schedule to start flowering.

Auto-flowering plants, on the other hand, are not influenced by light. Even if they receive 24 hours of light per day, they will still enter their flowering stage.

Why opt for auto-flowering plants? These plants are ideal for those living in areas where the weather is unpredictable or where there’s no real winter. Also, they are great for anyone looking to enjoy more than one harvest per season. This is due to the fact that these plants will go on with their growth and flowering cycle regardless of light.

For beginners, these plants could be a great way to start because they offer a harvest fast and there is no need to identify the gender of the plants. These plants are ready for harvest in about 10 weeks, so the process is far quicker than regular cannabis plants.

Also, they are smaller and can be easily grown indoors or in small spaces. However, they will not raise the quality standards of flowers that flower regularly. They can be fun to have, don’t need too much attention, will provide buds to harvest, but the quality won’t be the best.

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Why should pollination be avoided?

Earlier in this guide, we talked about sinsemilla plants, which are female cannabis plants without seeds. In order to avoid the production of seeds, you will have to pay extra attention to the flowering process.

Why do some cannabis growers prefer sinsemilla cannabis plants?

Because the plants are not investing in the production of seeds, their energy goes elsewhere. Thus, it was noticed that cannabis plants that don’t make seeds produce instead of a larger number of trichomes.

This means more resin and more potency. Under these circumstances, it’s no wonder people prefer doing things this way. So, in the case of sinsemilla plants, pollination is utterly avoided.

The plants will invest more energy in its buds

The plants will invest more energy in its buds

When pollination happens, the buds will use their energy to create seeds. If this doesn’t happen any longer, this energy will be invested in the production of flowers. And when more flowers are produced, more trichomes will also appear. While seeds are needed for the survival of the plants, cannabis growers appreciate the plant’s resin more.

If you want, you can select several plants for seed production, but prevent the rest of the culture from this process in order to obtain more resin. Resin is very important if you plan to smoke cannabis, as resin provides the flavor, strength, and effects that make cannabis so appreciated.

So, when seeds are not produced, the flowering area is gradually covered by trichomes rich in resin.

Growing sinsemilla plants can be quite difficult

Even it is may seem simple, it is not that easy to prevent pollination from happening. This is why growing sinsemilla plants can be a challenging task. This makes this type of plants more expensive, together with their quality degree, which is higher than the average.

The reason experienced cannabis growers choose this plant is because female plants can be pollinated by male plants even if they are a mile away. So, it’s best to completely separate female plants from male plants. And this means not just to move them slightly further away.

Also, errors may occur when trying to determine the sex of the plants. One or several male plants may escape your eyesight and that could compromise the entire culture.

Of course, pollinated plants don’t mean you won’t have a harvest. It means that the quality of your harvest will be lower in this case. If this happens, there’s no need to panic or freak out. Mistakes happen and they are part of the learning process. Next time you’ll be more careful when it comes to your plants, without a doubt.

You should know that accidental pollination may occur, even when it is not desired. One flower or plant pollination does not mean the end of your crop. A plant has several other flowers, so a few seeds is not such a great deal.

In case you suspect accidental pollination or simply want to make sure it didn’t happen, check your plant for calyx rings that are swollen. They are located below the stigmas and will be a confirmation that the pollination happened. If so, you can choose to pick the seeds or simply let them be. No matter what you choose to do, you will still enjoy a nice harvest.

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You may want to hold onto several seeds

You may want to hold onto several seeds

Let’s say you came across a cannabis strain that tastes wonderfully or is capable of providing the effects you’re looking for. In this case, you may want to keep some seeds for your future crop.

Having seeds may allow you to enjoy continuity when it comes to growing cannabis, without having to buy seeds all the time. At the same time, if you’re growing several strains of cannabis at once, trying to figure out which one is best, the seeds will give you the chance to do some selection. So, it may be worth allowing several plants to produce seeds.

Once the seeds are ready, make sure you store them in adequate conditions. If the seeds will get spoiled, they won’t germinate and you’ll end up having unpleasant surprises when you’ll want to start a new crop.

Also, it is recommended to label the seeds and pay extra attention when they germinate into plants. The idea is to see which seeds were most productive and sprouted into healthy plants.

You see, growing cannabis is a journey that requires a lot of experimentation, information gathering, and collecting personal experiences. After a while, you’ll be able to know what works best and what strains and methods provide the most desirable results.

Why female plants are most prized?

When growing cannabis plants, it is extremely important to identify the sexes and know which is what. Without this knowledge, you will never get a satisfying yield and quality results. Even if you start out small, with just a few plants, you need to handle this kind of information right.

Even if female plants reach maturity later than male plants, once they reached this stage, it is fairly easy to identify them. They have clear, distinctive marks that set them apart from the rest. Considering that they are the ones producing those resin-rich buds, it is easy to understand why they are favorized.

Many cannabis growers usually choose to completely remove male plants, avoiding the risks of pollination and ensuring the survival of female plants only. Is this the right thing to do? Well, before throwing away male plants, you’d better seriously consider whether you need seeds or not. Without male plants, the production of seeds is impossible.

They will clearly let you know when they are getting ready to enter the flowering stage. Before developing any flowers, they will grow two whiskers at the junction of the main stem with a branch. These whiskers will appear like being covered with tiny white hairs. This is where the buds will form, later on.

Male plants don’t have these whiskers, as they have only a cluster of tiny sacs, green and without any hairs on them. Once the whiskers emerge, the buds will appear very soon. Once you see whiskers growing in pairs at the base of branches, it is a confirmation that you’re dealing with a female plant.

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What to do with male plants?

male cannabis plant

If you discover male plants in your garden, you may feel sorry for the plants and wonder whether there’s a better way for them. After all, you don’t want pollination to happen, but it’s so sad to toss a plant that is perfectly happy.

Well, there is good news in this case, as there are alternatives for the plants that turn out to be males. Here are some great uses of male plants:

Turn them into plant-based fibers

Cannabis plants, regardless of their gender, can be used for the making of plant-based fibers. However, the fibers provided by male plants are softer and more suitable for making blankets and clothes. So, instead of throwing male plants, this is a good option to consider. Just put them in a separate room if you want to avoid pollination.

Keep them for producing seeds

If you want to do the selection process on your own or avoid buying seeds every time you want to start a new crop, you’ll need male plants for seeds. You don’t need too many plants to obtain a sufficient number of seeds for the next generation.

So, select a few males and females that will be used for reproduction only. Of course, you can always use clones, as it is easier. However, clones tend to be quite fragile at first and not all of them will successfully grow roots. Besides this, growing plants from seeds, seeds you produced on your own, is more exciting than using clones.

They can be easily processed into hash

While the THC levels are lower in male plants, they still have it in every part. Male plants are indeed not suitable for smoking, but their leaves, stems, and other parts of the plants can be used for the making of other cannabis products. Cannabis can be used in very many ways, not just for smoking, so there’s a chance for male plants to exploit the THC they have.

They can be used as a protection for your garden

If you have a vegetable garden, for example, male cannabis plants can be great sentinels for the garden. Because these plants contain terpenes, they have the power to keep pests and diseases at bay.

All you need to do is to create a protective fence around your garden made out of male cannabis plants. You can also use the plants to obtain terpene oil, which is an organic pesticide you can use on your garden to discourage the presence of pests.

What are hermaphrodite cannabis plants?

What are hermaphrodite cannabis plants

When it comes to the natural world, one of the greatest battles out there is for the survival of the species. Every species, whether it’s about plants or animals, wishes to do its best to produce future generations. The same rule applies to cannabis as well.

In some instances, the plant chooses to become a hermaphrodite, to maximize reproduction and the appearance of new plants. So, a hermaphrodite cannabis plant is a plant that will develop both reproductive organs.

In other words, you will be able to see clusters of buds and whiskers on the same plant. Thus, the plant will end up producing pollen and female flowers with stigmas as well. Growers may not like them, but we have to admit that they are a great mechanism meant to ensure the success of the species.

Why do plants turn into hermaphrodites?

What pushes cannabis plants to turn into hermaphrodites? This transformation is usually a response to stressful environmental factors. When the plant realizes that the environmental factors are improper for reproduction or when pollination is less likely to happen, it may choose to walk on this path. So, this can happen before the plant begins its flowering stage.

It is good to know that a plant is not firm on gender when it comes to producing flowers. If needed, the plant will change its mind when getting ready to produce flowers. As a general rule, cannabis plants will produce flowers of one single gender. But, in some cases, a plant can present both flowers in the end. What pushes a plant to do this? This is a list of factors that can influence and appearance of hermaphrodites or “hermies”:

  • The light-darkness schedule presents a set of issues;
  • The light to which the plants are subjected may be too bright;
  • Temperatures that have higher values;
  • Deficiencies when it comes to nutrients;
  • Problems with the pH values;
  • Insufficient water or its absence for longer periods;
  • Plants that have a poor genetics background;
  • Feminized seeds, especially if the resulted plants are used for making clones;

Different types of hermies

It is worth mentioning that there are different types of cannabis hermies. There are plants that feature more female flowers than male flowers. In this case, if you remove the male flowers the plant will continue functioning as a female plant.

There’s the case where the number of female flowers is equal or almost equal to the number of male flowers. These are the kind of hermies most likely to pollinate themselves. And then there are the plants with a higher number of male flowers. These hermies will work as male plants.

It is important to know what kind of hermie you have in your crop, so you will know what measures to take. For instance, true hermies will feature round pollen sacks, just like in the case of male plants. This type of hermie will also present female reproductive organs on the same stem.

Banana hermies, on the other hand, have the sacks shaped by a bunch of bananas. This type of hermies starts out as female plants at first, which, due to stress factors, shift to the male side.

Banana hermies are more dangerous than other hermies because their pollen sacks don’t need to open in order to release pollen. The “bananas” are actually bear male reproductive organs, so as soon as they appear, they will start releasing pollen.

This is why by the time you notice them, it may be too late, as pollination already occurred. Also, the banana bunch may have a yellow or lime green color, so they may display a different color than regular pollen sacks.

What to do with hermies?

When having hermies around, the risk is that they will produce more hermies if they pollinate themselves. So, in most cases, it is best to remove them completely. This is especially recommended for banana hermies, which can pollinate a good number of plants in their vicinity.

However, it is also possible to prune a plant instead of throwing them. If you’re dealing with regular pollen sacks that need to open in order to spread pollen, removing them entirely will solve the matter.

This way, you allow only female flowers to continue developing on the plant. Just make sure to cut out the pollen sacks before the have the chance to pop open.

Cannabis Sativa, Indica & Ruderalis – The different Types of Marijuana

Cannabis Sativa, Indica & Ruderalis – The different Types of Marijuana

Cannabis or marijuana, as it is popularly called, exists in a variety of types. Thus, even if the word „cannabis“ covers them all, it’s worth knowing that there are different strains of cannabis out there. This is in particular important if you plan to grow your plants. You will need to know how to tell them apart and become familiar with their particularities. So, in the lines that follow, you will get comprehensive information about the various types of marijuana. With the help of this information, you’ll be able to choose the best strains for your culture wisely.

Different types of Marijuana

When it comes to cannabis or marijuana, there are three main types. There’s Cannabis Sativa, Cannabis Indica, and Cannabis Ruderalis.

The first two, Sativa and Indica, are mainly used for their buds and properties.

The Ruderalis type, which is the smallest, was considered a wild version of the cannabis plant, a type that adapted to harsh growing conditions. In other words, it pretty much grew like a weed.

But, in the past years, cannabis growers brought this variety indoors as well, to obtain new strains. We will talk about each type, including Ruderalis, in the lines below.

Cannabis Sativa

cannabis sativa leaf

Cannabis Sativa is probably the most popular type of cannabis. Popularly known as hemp, it was mainly cultivated as a food source, fibers in the textile industry, as fuel, medicine, source of paper, and even nutritional supplement.

This type is the tallest one, light green and narrow leaves, and a long flowering cycle. Also, it has more leaves on the stem than the Indica variety. It is mainly appreciated for its energizing effects, its ability to uplift one’s mood, and the power to increase focus. This is why it is recommended to use Sativa products during the day.

What’s great about Sativa is that it influences one’s mind, by adjusting the mood and increasing activity level. Of course, it all lies in taking the right dose. This is something that needs to be personalized according to personal experiences.

Sativa is best used in the morning or noon so that it’s energizing effects wear off until the evening. This type is highly recommended for people suffering from exhaustion or depression because it uplifts and energizes.

However, it is worth mentioning that Cannabis Sativa comes in a wide variety of strains, some of them having a higher THC level. THC is responsible for creating that euphoric state, characteristic for consuming some cannabis strain.

So, pay attention when choosing the strain of cannabis. Even if you opt for Sativa, its buds may be rich in THC. We will talk about stains, later on, so you’ll know what they are and what makes them so different.

Growing conditions

Cannabis Sativa can grow rather tall, so it’s great for growing in the outdoors if the weather allows it. Of course, it can be grown indoors as well, as long as you have sufficient space to house the plant.

If you don’t have room to house a large plant, Sativa may not be such a good option for you. Sativa enjoys large levels of light and will develop greatly in such conditions. But the plant doesn’t appreciate cold temperatures. It can deal with a bit of heat, but low temperatures will affect it.

The plant can also display nutrient deficiencies rather often. This happens when there’s insufficient light when the plant experiences dry heat or has a low number of leaves.

Nitrogen toxicity is often met in Sativa strains, even when the standard nutrient strength was applied. So, it is worth paying attention to this aspect. Signs indicating such toxicity exist. Leaves with a dark green shade and curled tips tell you that there’s too much nitrogen in the soil. If you notice this, diminish the amount of nitrogen you serve to your plants.

Flowering and harvesting

It takes Sativa about 3 months to fully develop and grow buds. Once buds are formed, the plant needs 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness to flower. It’s possible to hurry the plants to flower faster, by exposing them to longer nights and shorter days.

This means 13 or 14 hours of darkness, instead of 12. However, in conditions of stress, the plant could develop a larger number of hermines or buds that contain both female and male reproductive organs. Also, if the flowering process is initiated too soon, the plant could grow one single large bud.

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Cannabis Indica

cannabis indica leaf

Cannabis Indica is shorter than Sativa, has a lower number of leaves of the stem, and a shorter flowering cycle. The leaves are broader and feature a darker shade of green.

In comparison to Sativa, Indica strains have a higher content of CBD and a lower level of THC. This is why this type of cannabis is recommended for use in the evening, as it has a calming effect.

So, if Sativa affects the mind, by changing one’s mood, Indica will mainly affect the body, calming it and reducing any physical discomfort.

Thus, this type is recommended for physical pain and discomfort, stiffness, muscular spasms, anxiety, depression, and even sleep disorders. It has a relaxing effect, reducing hyperactivity and promoting a state of calmness.

It is said that once Indica is consumed, you’ll mainly want to lounge on the couch. So, you should not have this type during the day, as it can seriously affect your activity level.

Yet again, Indica is available in a variety of strains as well, each with its flavor and effect on the body. If you’re looking for cannabis suitable for medicinal purposes, the Indica variety may serve you well. This type is mainly cultivated for its health advantages and less for other purposes, as it can’t provide fibers for paper or textiles, unlike the Sativa type.

Growing conditions

Cannabis Indica doesn’t reach staggering heights, being more a rather short and bushy plant. So, it is easier to grow in smaller spaces, as a potted plant. Also, the pots of Indica can be placed quite close to each other, which allows you to house a good number of plants in one single room.

Growers appreciate this type in particular because it flowers faster and delivers large yields. This particular feature allows people to grow Indica outdoors even in areas where winter months come rather faster after autumn. And, when the plant is cultivated indoors, this means a higher number of cycles during the year.

While Indica is easy to grow by beginners, opting for an Indica hybrid is a much better idea. Hybrids are more resilient when it comes to rotting and being affected by pests.

So, there will be fewer worries in your hands. Indica requires long days with light during their vegetative stage and a 12-12 light schedule once they reach maturity. When the plants are quite large and barely fit in the room, you could adopt the 12-12 schedule to promote their flowering.

One of the biggest potential risks that can harm Indica plants and their buds is mold. This cannabis type comes from dry areas, where water is quite scarce. So, high humidity conditions can make the plants susceptible to mold.

To prevent mold from occurring, ventilate the grow areas and allow a good airflow inside the room. Humidity levels should be between 40 and 50% during flowering and under 40% during the harvesting period.

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Cannabis Ruderalis

cannabis ruderalis leaf

The name Ruderalis indicates that this cannabis type is capable of growing in a wide range of environments.

So, whether it was disturbed by man or not, or had to withstand many other disturbances, this type of cannabis continued to adapt and develop well.

This is why it is considered by many a wild type of cannabis. It is also the shortest, growing to heights ranging between 1 and 2.5 feet, looking more like a weed in comparison to Sativa.

It is a type that is easy to grow and flowers once maturity is reached, without depending on light changes or other environmental factors. It may take anywhere between 21 and 30 days for a Ruderalis plant to flower, from the moment its seeds were planted, regardless of light levels. So, this variety could be great for beginners or people that don’t have too much time to invest in cannabis culture.

Because Ruderalis flowers easily, the hybrids obtained with its help are called “auto-flowering” varieties or strains. In other words, you don’t have to do anything, in particular, to convince this plant to flower. It will automatically do so once the maturity stage is reached.

The effects of this type of cannabis are rather light, as the type has low THC levels by nature. However, it is highly appreciated for its resistance, stability, and ability to flower on its own, without requiring specific conditions. So, cannabis growers use this variety of come up with strains that provide the same set of characteristics.


It is also possible to find hybrids obtained by crossing the Sativa, Indica & Ruderalis types. This happened out of the desire of people to enjoy a bit of both, enjoying a more balanced type. As soon as cannabis started to be cultivated, germinated seeds belonging to varieties from different parts of the world were crossed.

The selection was made so that the user enjoys the best each type has to offer, in one single plant. If you enter a cannabis dispensary, most probably you will see the “hybrid” type available as well. Now you know what this means.

What is a “Cannabis strain”?

What is a “Cannabis strain”?

Now that we talked about types, let us cover the “strains”-related subject. If you look for information regarding marijuana, you’ll notice the word “strain” coming up quite often. Well, a particular marijuana type can produce various types of strains.

Each strain was cultivated for a particular set of effects. So, yes, the man tried to produce strains of cannabis that can produce specially selected results. This is why cannabis strains usually have rather colorful names. Northern Lights or Purple Haze are just two examples of cannabis strains, this time belonging to the Indica type.

In other words, a strain will indicate a particular “breed” of cannabis. People took the main types of cannabis and refined them into various breeds, meant to provide specific flavor, taste, and effects. But, even if a strain is marketed as having a particular effect, it’s important to note that people react differently to cannabis.

So, while opting for a strain will let you know what you may experience, your personal experience may be slightly different. To be sure that a cannabis strain will provide the result you expect, you should purchase the cannabis plants or products from reliable sources only.

Also, if you plan to grow your plants, investing time and effort in finding good strains may be worth it. It all depends on the results you want to achieve, available time, space, and effort as well. For example, if you need cannabis for medicinal purposes, it would be wrong to get a strain made for recreational purposes. So, always check your source and make sure you understand what kind of strain you are about to buy.

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How to choose a cannabis strain

How to choose a cannabis strain

Before you end up picking cannabis strains for your own culture or consumption, you need to know a few things about cannabis and available varieties. The most important thing you learned so far is that marijuana is available in three large types. You now know what sets them apart and what are the recommendations for each type.

Of course, pay attention to hybrids as well, as they tend to offer characteristics from two types as once. However, in comparison to the types, cannabis strains are more specialized. They are bred for specific results, which will definitely narrow your search. Here is what you need to know before deciding which marijuana strains work for you best.

Research various types of strains

As mentioned earlier, cannabis strains are developed to serve a particular purpose. Some can boost your energy levels, make you more attentive and alert, while others will totally relax you, remove pain, or provide a calming effect. It is worth understanding these differences between various strains, as they will help you make the right call.

Once you gathered a good amount of information, decide what kind of effects you’re looking for and focus on those strains more. This way, you’ll figure out which of them will serve your purpose better.

Do you know your level of tolerance?

While cannabis strains and types are described in a specific manner, each person reacts differently to the plant’s active substances. So, you need to take into consideration your past experiences with cannabis. If you’re new to this and never experienced cannabis before or you have little experience, you should direct your attention toward strains with high levels of CBD and low levels of THC.

This will give you the chance to experience the benefits of cannabis, without strong psychoactive effects. The recommendation is, even in this case, to start with the lowest dose in your case. Adopt this dose for a week or two and see how you feel.

If you want more kick, slightly increase the dose. Make the adjustments gradually and keep tabs on how you’re feeling. This way, you’ll be able to determine what’s the best dose for you.

Knowing how you react to cannabis will allow you to choose the best strains. As you accumulate experience, you’ll be able to move toward strains that contain higher THC levels. However, once again, it all depends on the effects you want to obtain.

Find the best smell

cannabis smell

Do you plan to smoke your cannabis? Then you should know that strains have various smells. There are strains with a fruity or sweet smell. Others may have a darker, earthy smell, while some can really stink, having a pungent scent.

Do you know which one will be more appealing to you? If you’re not that sure, it may be a good idea to visit some dispensaries and experience various strains. Take a small amount of each and see which one smells best for you. Make a note for your favorite smell and look for strains that could deliver similar smells.

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How available is a strain?

Not all strains are readily available or popular. Some strains can be found easier than others. You could have freshness issues if the plant or buds take too long to travel to you. Also, trying to grow exotic or rare strains may spell out failure, especially if you’re inexperienced.

Ideally, you should find out what kind of strains are cultivated locally. This way, you’ll know which strains can be adapted to the local conditions and which strains can be found fresh whenever you want.

Closely examine the strains

Don’t just buy a strain because the dispensary’s representative tells you it’s good. Take a good look at it yourself. A great quality marijuana product will have a bright shade of green, which reflects its freshness as well. Also, the trichomes of the buds should still be visible. Ideally, the crystals covering the trichomes should be noticeable.

A brown color of the cannabis and absent trichomes indicates that the cannabis is not fresh. So, when you’ll consume it, you won’t experience the desired effects. Knowing these details can make the difference between buying fresh and high-quality cannabis and the opposite.

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How to grow Cannabis – A complete Guide for beginners

How to grow Cannabis – A complete Guide for beginners
How to grow Cannabis – A complete Guide for beginners

Due to the fact that medicinal cannabis started to become legal in an increasing number of states, interest around this plant and its potential grew as well. Numerous studies are emerging, confirming what many people already experienced. Thus, it is expected for the market around cannabis to develop a lot in the coming years. Of course, this market niche is far from being regulated, attention and perseverance are required every step of the way. If you’re interested in learning how to grow cannabis for your own benefit or to start a business, this guide will show you how to do it.

Decide where you will grow the plants

The first detail you need to consider is the future growing environment of cannabis plants. Where do you plan to grow the cannabis? Depending on the space you have available, and other factors, cannabis can be grown indoors or outdoors. Each method has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. You should be familiar with both so that you choose the best method in your case.

Growing cannabis indoors

Growing cannabis indoors

One of the biggest advantages of growing cannabis indoors is that you have complete control of the environmental factors. You can control temperature, humidity, and even the level of light. Also, your culture will be more private and protected.

Indoors, the plants won’t be affected by the weather, pests, and pollutants. Besides all these, you’ll be able to grow the plants regardless of season, as long as you make sure they have everything they need for proper development.

The indoor method is recommended if you want to start with just a few plants. This way, you will keep your attempt in the affordable range and make things very easy for you. These few plants will give you the change to learn all about growing cannabis, giving you the experience required for a larger culture.

However, when growing cannabis indoors, the plants depend entirely on you. They need your constant care and attention, risking to die if are not watered properly, fed, or exposed to a sufficient amount of light. So, if you consider this option, you will need to care for your plants every day of the week, checking on them and providing them the best growing environment.

Choosing their area for development

Growing cannabis indoors is similar to growing almost any kind of plant indoors. They just need a bit of space for their pots. Ideally, they should have access to fresh air as well. Regarding the light the plants need, if you can’t place them near a window, you can always use artificial light sources. This may even be recommended, giving you the chance to control the amount of light the plants receive.

You see, the cannabis is not a sophisticated plant. As long as it is watered properly, receives the right kind of fertilizer, enough light, and oxygen, it will grow and thrive.

When it comes to growing it indoors, you can choose any available space you have. Whether it’s a room, closet, garage, or improvised tent, you can make it happen. Just make sure to provide the right kind of environment for your plants. This often means to adjust the environmental conditions until the best levels are reached. We will talk about them in the lines that follow.

Most recommended indoor conditions

Like any other plant, cannabis develops best when a certain temperature is reached. However, indoors, you will have to pay attention to this factor because you’ll be using artificial light bulbs. When these bulbs will be on, they will raise the temperature level with their incandescent light. So, you may need to adjust it, avoiding a high and dry air temperature around your plants.

In terms of temperature, cannabis plants love values ranging between 70- and 85-degrees Fahrenheit or 20 and 30 degrees Celsius. These values are ideal for their developmental stage. Once the plants reach maturity, when budding or flowering happens, the temperature should drop a little.

During this period, cannabis enjoys temperatures between 65- and 80-degrees Fahrenheit or 18 and 26 degrees Celsius.

So, when growing cannabis indoors, always keep an eye on the temperature, especially when the lights are on. You should be able to air the room if it gets too hot. If that’s not possible, installing an air conditioning unit is recommended.

For small rooms or a small number of plants, a fan will do. Just make sure to have a thermometer in the growing area, so you’ll always know what the values are.

Growing cannabis outdoors

Growing cannabis outdoors

In the right environmental conditions, cannabis will easily grow outside as well. If all goes well, this method can be cheaper than growing the plants indoors. But there are some potential problems you will need to consider. Privacy could be an issue if you’re in an area with easy access.

Pests and bugs can also create problems in your cannabis plantation. Some people may try to steal your plants or you could risk having them eaten by deer and other herbivorous animals. Also, cannabis is a plant known for cleaning the soil. Thus, if there are toxins in the soil, they will end up in the plant as well. Testing the soil first may be a very good idea.

If most of these risks have a very low level of happening and you get the right kind of cannabis strain, growing the plants will be an affordable activity. Nature will provide the plants with everything they need.

The sun will provide light and rain will water them. However, growing conditions may be trickier to manage in the outdoors. In case there are too many days with sunlight, it will get hot and you’ll need to water the plants.

Also, if it rains too much, you will need to find ways to protect your plants from too much water. Controlling the temperature and watering frequency may be an issue in this case.

Selecting the best growing environment for your plants

Regular soil


When you about the fact that cannabis is actually a plant, the soil might be your first option. The reality is that soil is the most common growing environment for cannabis. You can use any high-quality soil mixture for your plants, but you can also opt for soil especially made for cannabis plants.

If you intend to use soil for your plants, pay attention to its level of nutrients. In many cases, the soil itself will provide the nutrients needed for a whole month. This means that you don’t need to fertilize your plant. Too many nutrients can harm the plant, so it’s recommended to keep every parameter in balance.

What’s the best type of soil you can use for your cannabis plants?

Composted soil is probably an ideal choice. The soil in which the plants grow can influence the flavor of the buds and oil, so it’s worth investing time and effort in finding the best soil. You can make your own composted soil, but you can also purchase it if you don’t have time for such projects. If you don’t find composted soil, an organic mix for potting is also a great choice.

Just make sure to add perlite to the mixture, if the mix doesn’t already come with perlite in its composition. The best mix should contain potting soil in a proportion of 70% and perlite in a proportion of 30%.

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Other cultivation medium

But you should also know cannabis can be grown without soil as well. A soilless mix, which is usually composed out of perlite, coco coir, rock wool or expanded clay. Some prefer this option because it is easier to control in terms of nutrients and potential pathogen agents.

However, a soilless mix won’t contain any kind of nutrients. In this case, you will have to dose the nutrients yourself and provide it to the plants accordingly. This method gives you more control over the development of the plants, but it also obliges you to keep an eye on them every day of the week.

Using water as a support
Using water as a support

Quite a good number of people choose hydroponics or growing their plants directly in water. While a certain degree of experience is needed in this case, these methods can provide the most impressive yields. Of course, the results are also influenced by using the right kind of grow lights.

LED, HID, and LEC grow lights are most recommended when using hydroponics. You can try this method with several plants and see how it goes.

Other used methods imply aquaponics or aeroponics, which means that the plants are suspended in air enriched with a mist containing water and nutrients. However, these two methods are less common in the case of cannabis.

What’s the best nutrient combination for cannabis

If you find composed super soil, you should know that it contains all the nutrients required for the growth of your young cannabis plants. But, even so, by the time your cannabis plants will start forming buds, you’ll need to add nutrients to the soil. This because the plants would have depleted the soil’s nutrients by the time they reach this stage.

If you’re not using composted super soil, but another type of soil, you’ll have to add nutrients to it. Without a sufficient amount of nutrients, the cannabis plants won’t develop well and the yield will be small.

When feeding your plants, you need to know that nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium are most important.

During the first phase of the plants, the growth phase, a general-purpose fertilizer will do. When they start forming buds and prepare to flower, a fertilizer that encourages flowering is recommended.

For those growing cannabis in soilless mixtures and hydroponics, there are special fertilizers. Yet again, choose a “grow” fertilizer for the development of your plants, and switch to a “bloom” fertilizer once they get ready to form buds and flowers.

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pH values at the root level

pH values at the root level

This is an aspect that is often disregarded by many that are starting out their ventures in the cannabis cultivation area.

The pH values at the root level can trigger a set of issues, those connected with nutrient absorption being most frequent.

So, this is definitely a factor you need to consider. When the pH value is inadequate, your cannabis plants won’t feed right, no matter what fertilizer you use.

How to keep an eye on the pH? That’s rather simple. Perform pH tests to the water and the soil you’re about to use for watering the plants.

You can find pH strips in most garden or pet stores, as they are also used for testing pH in fish tanks. To avoid pH-related issues, you should use a composted super soil as growing support for your plants.

This type of soil is colonized with microorganisms that will regulate the soil’s pH value. So, you won’t need to do it, unless you notice something is wrong with your plants. But, as a general rule, pH testing is a must, no matter what type of soil or growing environment you use.

As guidance, you need to know that proper soil pH values should range between 6.0 and 7.0. For hydroponics, the right values range between 5.5 and 6.5 pH. According to these values, adjust the pH of the plant’s growth support with adequate products. There are liquid products meant to lower or raise the pH, as needed.

Getting your cannabis plants

Now that we covered the basic rules of growing cannabis plants, let’s move on to choosing the plants. The easiest way to get cannabis plants is to know someone that grows the plants. Even if you don’t personally know someone, dispensaries that sell medicinal cannabis may be willing to share clones or seeds.

So, in order to start your culture, you need plant clones or seeds. Getting these from a reliable source will get you closer to success.

Also, it is worth mentioning that ordering cannabis seeds online won’t get you into trouble, contrary to what you may believe. However, sending cannabis seeds to another location in the US, from a US address, could transform into trouble.

So, if you find a reliable provider outside the US, you can order cannabis seeds and have them shipped to your home. Still, make sure you become familiar with the regulations concerning cannabis cultivation and use in your state.

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How to obtain plants from seeds

If you got your hands on some clones, you’re already one step further as clones can be potted. But, if you have seeds, you need to make sure they germinate right. As a beginner, using products like Rapid Rooter can be very helpful.

Rapid Rooter is a small block of material, packed with nutrients, meant to help a seed develop roots fast. All you need to do is to keep the block moist at all times. Of course, you can also use the traditional paper towel method.

Wrap the seeds in a paper towel and put it on a plate. Spray water on the towel until it’s damp and cover everything with another plate. Keep the paper towel moist until you see roots emerging. This will may take up to 7 days to happen.

Once the seeds grew a little root, it’s time to plant them. Prepare a pot with adequate soil and make a 1-inch hole in it. Gently place the seedling in that hole, being careful not to break the root.

Bear in mind that not all seeds germinate at the same time. Some may grow roots faster than others. So, give the seeds that haven’t germinate a bit more time. Maybe they will germinate eventually.

When you see the first two leaves of the plants emerging, make sure the plant has sufficient light for the coming period.

At this stage, lights should be on for 24 hours a day. Also, the small plants should be placed 2 to 6 inches away from one another. This will ensure sufficient development space for each.

When the plant has four leaves, two of them appearing like normal cannabis leaves, it’s a sign that the plant started its vegetative stage. It’s time to treat it like a regular cannabis plant. Continue separating the plants for more room, if necessary.

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Growing the cannabis plant

As soon as you notice the first two mature leaves of the plant, it’s a sign that your little cannabis entered the vegetative state. At this state, long days, with plenty of hours of light will help it develop well. On the other hand, during its flowering stage, the plant does better with longer nights.


During its vegetative state, the cannabis plant enjoys a warmer temperature. If you want to help your plant grow nice and vigorous, you will have to increase the temperature to values ranging between 70- and 85-degrees Fahrenheit. The plant will grow at lower or higher temperatures as well, so don’t worry to much about it. But, if you can control its environment, we provided the ideal temperature range.


Watering your cannabis plants is extremely important. The plant just wants to grow during this state, so providing it adequate amounts of water and nutrients is a must.

How often to water the plants?

When the soil feels dry to touch, it’s time to water the plants. If you grow cannabis on materials that drain fast, like coco coir, you will need to water the plants every 1 or 2 days. If you notice the coco coir stays wet for 3 or more days, reduce the watering until the plant gets bigger.

Adding fertilizer to the plant’s water is something you need to do. You can skip this part for a month only if you’re using composted super soil, which already has nutrients in its composition.

When using fertilizer, half the strength of the product to avoid getting your plants burned. So, take the recommendations from the bottle of the product and use half of the recommended amount to feed your cannabis plants. You can get the strength of the fertilizer to ¾ once the plant has a faster growth rate or when it shows signs of needing more nutrients, in spite of enjoying an adequate pH in the soil.

You should not give your plant a full-strength fertilizer unless it requires it. This should be applied only if the plant is showing nutrients deficiency. Lime-green leaves, which are eventually turning yellow and falling is a sign of nitrogen deficiency. Measure the pH in this case and if everything looks good, it means your plant needs more nutrients.

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When plants are in the vegetative state, they should enjoy 18 hours of light per day, if growing them indoors. 24 hours of light should be adopted by experimented cannabis growers only. If growing the plants outdoors, make sure they enjoy light between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., even more, if it is possible.

The budding and flowering stage

Once the plant starts developing buds, it will require a slightly different set of conditions. Now, the vegetative or developmental stage is over and the plant will invest its resources into making buds and flowers.

The light schedule at this stage should allow 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness. The 12 hours of darkness should not be interrupted. In the case of plants growing outdoors, they usually start flowering when days are getting shorter, which means a few months before winter.

This is also the stage when you should tell “girl” plants from “boy plants”. Within one to two weeks from changing their light schedule, the plants will unravel their gender.

This step is important, as only female plants should be kept, being the only ones that produce buds. Female plants will start showing white hair at the joints of top leaves, while male plants will start developing small balls or sacs of pollen.

Many cannabis growers choose to remove the male plants entirely because once pollinated, the female plants will grow a smaller number of buds. So, you only need female plants for a rich yield.

When buds are formed and ready to flower, reduce the temperature between 65- and 80-degrees Fahrenheit. A lower temperature will enhance the flavor, smell, and color of the buds. As a piece of advice, pay attention to your plants during the flowering stage, as they tend to show a nutrient deficiency.

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Harvest cannabis plants

Harvest cannabis plants

The best time to pick up the buds is when they stopped growing white hairs and approximately 40% of the hairs on the buds turned to a darker color and have a curlier aspect. If you want more potency, you can wait until 90% of the hairs turned to a darker, amber-like color. But, you can harvest them anytime in between, depending on how potent you want them to be.

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Transplanting Cannabis correctly – How to transplant Marijuana

TRansplanting Cannabis Plants FI
transplanting cannabis plants

Just like most plants, cannabis plants don’t enjoy the transplanting process too much. It is an operation that is not that difficult, but it will affect the plant roots and thus the entire plant. In a positive or a negative way. A plant with affected roots will invest more time in healing and restoring its roots, instead of growing well. So, while the risk of losing your cannabis plants is high, improper transplanting can lead to poor-looking plants and a small yield.

Transplanting cannabis plants is a very good idea if you want to re-pot them into some new and larger containers. However, transplanting is a very delicate process. It can take a little while to get it done properly, and for the most part, it can pay off very well if you do it right. But is it mandatory to start transplanting cannabis plants and when should you do that? Let’s find out right away!

If you panic at the thought that you will have to transplant your cannabis plants and you lack experience in this sector, it is worth knowing that patience and research can make things happen.  Thus, in the following lines, you will find a comprehensive guide on how to correctly transplant cannabis plants. With this guide and a lot of care, your cannabis plants will thrive.

Why should you transplant the plants in the first place?

You may be tempted to think that transplanting the plants is not necessary if they appear to be thriving. Yes, that may be true, but it is only temporary. As the plant grows, so will its roots.

So, if you don’t transplant them in a timely manner, the roots risk overgrowing and surrounding the bottom of the container. This is called “rootbound” and it is very difficult to remove a plant in this stage from the container, without harming its roots.

So, avoid this from happening and transplant your cannabis plants when the time is right.

cannabis rootbound

How to tell if you are starting to face rootbounding? It is worth knowing that there are some signs that the roots are running out of sufficient room for development. Here is what to pay attention to:

The plants appear to have their development slowed down, in spite of the fact that they have all the proper conditions for growing;

  • Their stems look like being stretched out;
  • The produced buds are smaller and fewer in number;
  • The plant appears to run out of water more often than usual;
  • The plant gets easily burned when you apply nutrients, even if you utilize a small percentage;
  • The plants are starting to wilt;
  • The stems are presenting a reddish color;
Where is it best to transplant the plants, outdoors or indoors?

This aspect will raise, once again, the matter of where you will allow your plants to grow undisturbed. So, you need to pick the location very well, as it will influence your success rate in growing cannabis plants in a great deal.

In other words, the plants can thrive if you provide the best conditions or you can lose the entire lot. Also, you need to consider safety issues, so choose your locations smart, as you won’t be able to move them once they reached maturity.

Growing your plants indoors will give you a bigger degree of control over the environmental factors. But, for this, you need to make sure you have sufficient space to house all your plants as they grow.

Also, you will need proper lighting, heating or ventilation, according to the case. So, larger containers, in this case, will do. Many experienced marijuana growers recommend doing this indoors, as it is easier to keep an eye on the conditions surrounding the plants and make the necessary adjustments when needed.

Being able to control everything will definitely increase your chances to grow beautiful plants, but it will also generate more costs. This is due to the fact that you will have to provide everything the plants need in order to develop well.

If the environmental conditions where you live allow you to grow cannabis outdoors, you can also do this. There are many people that prefer this method, due to the reduced budget and effort requirements.

Practically, the plants will have everything they need in a natural manner. Thus, your intervention will be minimal. Just do have in mind that cannabis plants have the ability to clean the soil and extract everything out of the place where they grow.

So, ideally, when looking to grow cannabis plants in the outdoors, you should make sure that the soil is clean. Also, consider a safe place where you can easily access your plants, so you can check on them whenever you need to do it.

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Choosing the best time for the transplanting process

Even if the plants are still young, the will already have grown a good root system meant to absorb nutrients. So, when this root system is solid enough, it is safe to transplant the cannabis plants to larger containers or even outdoors, if you have proper environmental conditions.

It is easy to tell when the roots are large enough, as they will start to appear at the bottom of the container. So, if you see the tips of the roots trying to get out of the container through the holes in the bottom, you need to start taking care of transplanting them as soon as possible.

You need to bear in mind that you should do this operation with extra caution. If you hurry or do something wrong, you can easily lose a plant this way.

Before you even start transplanting your plants, you need to decide where you will move them. You need to pick a place or container that is large enough to allow them to reach maturity without a problem.

Unfortunately, this is not something you can avoid. Whether you like it or not, you will have to transplant your plants, if you want to enjoy a satisfying yield.

It is very important to choose this moment right, so it won’t be too soon or too late. Too soon will mean underdeveloped roots while too late will mean rootbound plants.

The best way to check on this is to periodically check the bottom of the containers. If you can see roots peeking through the drainage holes, your plants are ready to be transplanted. Do not leave your plants in a container that is too small for too long, as they will stop growing.

You can also watch the development of your plants. The number of leaves the plant has can also indicate when it’s okay to move them from their small containers.

In the 5th day after their sprouting, you should be able to see the first two real cannabis leaves. In the 12th day, the plant should start to resemble with a miniature cannabis plant, presenting three sets of leaves. This is when you need to find a new location for your plants, as transplanting can occur.

Try not to transplant your cannabis plants while they are still in a seedling phase. Their roots are way too fragile at this point. This phase lasts for approximately 6 weeks, so you can only start considering the transplanting process after this phase completes.

Once you can see a rapid growth of leaves and also a stem that is firmer, you will know that the plants entered a vegetative state and you can move them to their new location. You can test the firmness of the stems will your fingers. Just make sure you do this gently, avoiding to damage the plants.

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How to transplant a cannabis plant correctly

At this point, you will already have picked a proper location for your plants. If you chose to grow your plants indoors, you should have new containers ready. They should be large enough to suit the plant until it reaches its maturity.

Also, you should know that you can also place your plants in containers and move them outdoors for a determined period. So, this mixed solution can also work, with a bit of care and attention. A container should have at least 4 gallons if you want to make it a permanent home for your cannabis plants.

Before moving the plants to their new containers, make sure that you have high-quality soil ready. The soil is one of the most important factors that influence the growth of a plant. In case you are moving the plants outdoors, you will just have to dig a hole and place the plants in it.

Make sure the hole is large enough and place the plants in the new hole together with the soil they’ve grown in. This will reduce the shock generated by a change in environment.

Also, don’t throw away the soil you removed from the holes. You will need it for pushing it back in the hole and around the plant once it is positioned right.

For the plants that will grow in containers, choose a high-quality soil that will allow proper drainage while offering a good amount of nutrients. Also, believe it or not, the state of the soil in which the plants developed so far also plays an important role.

First of all, it should have an adequate level of moisture. It shouldn’t be too wet or too dry either, as you will find it hard to work with. If the soil in the container can keep its shape, it will be easier to transplant a plant this way, as the soil won’t move its roots from their position.

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Once these things are ready, you need to perform the following steps:

  • Half-fill the container with either soilless mix or soil. You need to be certain that the current root ball is sitting comfortably You will then have to press the soil a bit too. This will make sure that you have a firm consistency. You will also get a good drainage if that happens, so that’s very important.
  • Now you will need to take the plant and then grasp it by the base of the stem. Grip the pot base at the same time. You have to upend the container. Keep in mind that the process can be a bit messy. That’s why we recommend you to use some plastic sheeting if you can, as it will make things a lot better and easier for you in the end.
  • Tap lightly on the base of your container. As you do that, pull the plant with the other hand. Now you will be able to slide the plant out without a lot of resistance. The root ball now needs to be placed into the container. You will then have to add soil in order to surround the root ball. This way you can be certain that everything is packed in and ready to go. It helps immensely, and it offers great convenience and value due to that as well.

In order to perform a correct transplant, pick up the container with the plant and slowly turn it upside down. At the same time, prevent the soil from spilling out while keeping the stem of the plant between two fingers, to protect it.

Just be careful not to squeeze the stem meanwhile. With the other hand, continue flipping the container until the block of soil held inside will slide out. The idea is to catch this block of soil, which also contains the roots while offering adequate support to the plant’s stem.

You should now begin positioning the plant in its new container. The container should already be partially filled with soil, as the plant is too small at the moment and you need to keep it close to the surface.

So, the new container should have a sufficient amount of soil, so that when you put the plant in it, together with all the soil it had in the former container, it will have a proper position. You should still be able to water it, so don’t sink it too deep in the new container.

Of course, you will have to complete the empty spaces around the plant with more soil. Do this once you are sure the plant is in a  steady position.

Useful tips to follow

  • Do not water your plants 24 to 48 hours before transplanting them, so the soil will not be soaked with water;
  • Pay extra attention to the roots. Do not touch them and do your best not to disturb them at all;
  • After you transplanted the plants in the new containers, water them immediately; it is recommended to use nutrients as well, but only half of the recommended dose for start;
  • Also, do not expose your plants to intense light in the first day or two after they have been transplanted. Thus, a moderate amount of light in best;

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useful tips for transplanting cannabis
Other things to keep in mind when transplanting cannabis plants

You need to understand that this particular task can be very stressful for your plants. That’s why in many situations growers will leave the plants unwatered for around 1 day before the process takes place.

Sure, it’s not ideal to have very dry soil as it makes the extraction more difficult. But on the other hand, watery soil will make it harder to extra the roots without any damage. So you need to take your time and use that to your advantage if you can just keep it in mind so you can get the best results.

What you will have to do here is to focus on the overall quality offered by the transplanting process. You need to make it fast, convenient and you also need to avoid any potential problems and challenges that may come your way. It’s not easy to start transplanting cannabis if you don’t have the right tools.

Some people recommend avoiding this process if it takes place during the winter for example. You should perform this in a place that’s warm because any weather-related changes can be very challenging.

Consider that, and the results will be quite amazing due to that reason alone. You just have to take your time, and the outcome will be second to none at the end of the day.

Take your time

You have to realize that the process of transplanting cannabis plants is going to take a while if you have many cannabis plants. But then again it’s worth it because you will get to nurture and grow your plants in a meaningful way.

It’s definitely worth it, and it can bring in front some very impressive results all the time. You just have to take your time with this, and the return on investment can be a tremendous one in the end.


Once you finish the transplanting process, you can add some nutrient solution. That will be very handy for you because it can bring in front some good opportunities and the options will be extremely good due to that. But do not overdo it, especially if the soil is well pre-fertilized for repotting.

The reason why you need to add some nutrient compounds is that your cannabis plant will try to acquire nutrients, and it will need as much as you can give it. The more you focus on that and take care of the plant, the better it will be in the end.

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The light intensity shortly after repotting

If you want to make the environment friendlier for your plants, you may also want to lower the light intensity. This is very important because you want your plants to have less stress.

Especially when you are re-accommodating them to a new place. This type of system does make a lot of sense to focus on, and the overall return on investment will be a tremendous one in the end.

These little adjustments may not feel like much at first, but they make all the difference in the world. You need to take your time as you adjust everything and the more you do that, the better it will be.

Remember that you have to study the situation the best way that you can. You will need to make adjustments on the spot, and the return on investment can be a challenging one most of the time.

Some sativa varieties are more sensitive to repotting

You will also notice that the process of transplanting cannabis plants is ok for most cannabis plants. They are hardy enough to tackle such a challenge, however there are some strains like sativas that are more delicate when compared to others.

That’s why you need to take your time as you make the right pick here. It’s one of the best investments that you can make in such a situation, and the ROI is well worth the effort.

Plus, you need to realize that when plants are very small, they are delicate. So the first transplanting process is definitely going to be the more difficult one.

Repotting Cannabis Plants Conclusion

It still makes a lot of sense to use such an approach, and the return on investment will be a very good one in the end. It’s a great opportunity to consider that and in the end that will be quite handy. You just have to make sure that you prepare properly and you take everything you can into consideration.

You can never take too many chances, just make sure that you adapt everything to your needs and expectations. It’s a good option to keep in mind and one that you will enjoy the most in such a situation.

Just remember, the outcome is great for the transplanting process as long as you don’t rush it. The last thing you want is to cause any stress, as that can easily lead to problems all the time.

It’s a really good idea to adapt to the situation and to tackle this correctly and in a meaningful way. Once you do that, you will be happy with the result and the value as a whole will end up being among some of the best on the market.

While transplanting cannabis plants may feel difficult, that’s not the case. It’s a great way to help your cannabis plants grow, and it will offer some amazing results in the long term.

We recommend you to try out this great process, and you will see how well it can work for you too. Study the way your plants behave, and if they need water often or if they outgrew their pot, you will have to complete this task as quickly as possible.

Cannabis Seedlings Care – How to care for Marijuana Seedlings

Cannabis Seedling Care
Cannabis Seedlings Care

Seeing your marijuana seeds bursting to life in the form of seedlings can be extremely rewarding. You know now that the seeds were good and that you made the first step toward obtaining beautiful cannabis plants. But, the appearance of the seedlings doesn’t mean that the hardest part is over.

Not at all, as the tiny plants are at their most vulnerable stage, so you will need to pay a lot of attention and dedicate time and effort in carrying for your seedlings if you want healthy plants that are capable of producing considerable yields.

Thus, in the following lines, you will find a comprehensive guide on how to take care of your seedlings in the best way possible, so that you will have high chances of success even as a beginner.

What is a marijuana seedling?

What is a cannabis seedling

So, you’ve planted your marijuana seeds for a while now. Well, do keep an eye on things as they should show signs of development, once they managed to absorb sufficient water from the soil, which activated their germination process.

When a seed is ready to produce the new plant, you should see some splitting at the seams of the seed, the best sign that things are moving forward. In just a few hours after the seams split, you should be able to notice a white spike emerging, which is the tendril of the new plant.

From this stage, the plant will begin growing incredibly fast. The tendril will go downward, in the soil, producing roots for the plant, while a stem will begin growing on the surface.

The husk of the seedling, although apparently useless, actually acts as a leaf, gathering sufficient energy to fuel the growth of the plant. Soon, you should see the new leaves of the plant emerge.

The first leaves that appear look nothing like marijuana leaves, but you shouldn’t panic. There will be two leaves only, which are called “sucker leaves”, which will make sure that the plant starts accumulating energy in order to grow.

The next leaves will start looking like real marijuana leaves, although it will take a bit until the plant will actually begin growing authentic marijuana leaves.

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Keeping your seedlings safe


Just like when you’re growing any other kind of plants, there is the risk of losing the seedlings out for a variety of reasons.

They can be eaten by insects and birds, affected by pests, or damaged by the weather.

So, until they are strong enough, they should be properly protected. For this, try placing them in a safe environment.

Even if you are growing them outside, you can still keep them safe effectively and cheap, by using transparent plastic bottles cut in half and used as protective bubbles on top of your seedling.

Just make sure to cut some slots around the edges of the bottle, allowing air to flow it so that the plants won’t suffocate.

To promote healthy growth, you need to make sure that the soil of your seedlings is moist all the time. You shouldn’t allow the water to puddle, but you should not allow the soil to get dry either.

Water your seedlings with small quantities of water and check on them all the time. Also, make sure they enjoy plenty of sunlight, as it is essential for their development.

If you live in northern areas, then spring days may be a bit too short for your cannabis seedlings. So, even if you grow them outdoors, they may still not receive sufficient light.

When the seedling lacks the proper amount of light, it will grow too tall, in its attempt to reach more light, and will end up not being able to support itself.

Thus, the best way to grow cannabis seedlings, if you have space and resources, is in an indoor space with the help of proper artificial light for plants. This way, you will be able to control the environment with ease.

What’s the recommended amount of water?

bad drainage

As mentioned before, giving your marijuana seedlings sufficient water is essential. But how much is enough?

One of the most common mistakes made when growing marijuana plants is overwatering them. Out of the desire to give seedlings the best care, many people give them too much water and that’s a problem.

Believe it or not, it is not the amount of water that creates the problem, but the fact that the roots of the plants are deprived of sufficient oxygen.

This particular matter is met especially in the case of seedlings grown in containers, as water will not be able to drain as efficiently as in the outdoors, prevented by the walls of the container.

So, let us take a closer look at the two main issues related to watering, which are overwatering and underwatering, and how they can be avoided.

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Watering the seedlings too much

too much water

One of the causes that can lead to this problem is a container that is too large for your seedling.

Even though you may be tempted to think that more space is not a problem, the roots of the small plant won’t be able to absorb all the water that fits inside a large container.

Thus, it is much better to start out with small containers and then move the plants to bigger ones once they are larger.

Problems appear when the seedling is too large for the cup and the roots became cramped and wrapped around themselves, which keeps the plant from absorbing the water right.

Also, because of the tangled root system, the water remains trapped inside the container, creating unwanted problems. Another factor that leads to overwatering your seedlings is the poor draining of the soil.

For example, if the containers do not have drainage holes or if the soil is not the right type, water will not drain right and flood your plants, which is extremely dangerous for their health.

Underwatering the seedlings


The roots of the seedlings should have permanent access to water. If you notice that the plant is starting to wilt, having soft and frail leaves, then it may be lacking water.

Also, is the soil in the pot got separated from the pot’s walls, then it is definitely too dry and you need to water it right away. In case you enriched the potting soil with nutritious substances and there is a lack of water, your plants risk growing in the wrong way.

They have present a dark shade of green and have growths in the wrong places and of the wrong color. To solve this problem, start watering your plants right.

It is best to apply a small quantity of water at once and check on your plants daily, giving them small water portions every day, rather than just watering them too well with the hope that the water will last longer in the pot.

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Food for the seedlings

The reason people start growing marijuana plants is that they hope to obtain a good yield. More precisely, the buds of the plants represent the main point of interest. But, in order to get to the buds, you need to grow the plant first.

To promote a healthy growth and enjoy gorgeous plants, you need to feed them. Feeding is even more important when growing them in a controlled environment, such as pots or containers, as the plants rapidly deplete the number of nutrients from the limited quantity soil available.

But, this doesn’t mean that you should feed the plants as much as you want. Giving them more nutrients than necessary won’t make them grow faster or bigger, as too many nutrients in the soil are actually toxic to your plants.

Stay away from creating a toxic environment


Soil with too many nutrients is called “hot soil”, as the plants will end up having a “burned” appearance, with a discolored tip on their leaves. If this happens, make sure to water the plants adequately, without allowing the soil to get dry and without adding any more nutrients for a while.

Luckily, the plants will be able to recover. Still, it is necessary to give them nutrients, all you need to do is practice caution when applying these nutrients. On every nutrient found in stores, you will see application recommendations and a schedule.

At first, apply half of the dose recommended on the label of the product and observe the plants to see how they react. If no problems emerge, you can increase the portion of nutrients to the recommended dose, continuing to keep an eye on the plants.

Nutrient deficiency

nutrient defficency

When your marijuana seedlings are starving, you should be able to tell that there’s something wrong with them.

Regardless if you are growing your plants on soil or not, nutrients are necessary.

When the plants don’t have sufficient food in their soil, folding leaves will start emerging on them.

A problem that can be easily solved by applying the right dose of nutrients.

Still, do have in mind that the pH of the soil plays an important role as well.

If the pH is the wrong one, the nutrients you introduced in the soil will not be absorbed appropriately.

Also, inadequate watering will not allow the plants to absorb nutrients from the soil right either, so keep an eye on these aspects, especially if you know that you applied nutrients and results are not showing.

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The temperature that will make your plants thrive

Cannabis seedlnigs light

Heat is important when it comes to making sure that your plants are developing right.

As mentioned before, growing the plants indoors, in a controlled environment, is easier in terms of temperature management.

Fluorescent lights are the best solution in this case, as they are economical when it comes to the used energy.

And don’t emit a large amount of heat either, so they can be placed rather close to your plants.

Keep the lights on for 18 hours and turn them off for 6 hours for the ideal growth.

In case you are using HPS light, bring it as close as possible to the plants, but without exceeding 77 degrees Fahrenheit.

For seedlings grown outdoors, sunlight is crucial. Don’t be afraid that they’ll have too much sunlight, as such a thing is not possible.

If you make sure to keep their soil moist at all time, putting them under the sunlight will not be an issue. Just do have in mind that if your marijuana plants will reach their light saturation point, their growth will be slowed down.

This means that they stop fighting for getting more light, since it is already plentiful, by growing. Pushing away the light sources will solve this aspect. Also, if you notice that you need more light, just bring the light sources closer to the plants.

How to prevent a seedling from growing too tall

cannabis seedlings too tall

The main purpose of every marijuana grower is to obtain balanced plants, with a thick stem and nice leaves.

But, when the conditions are not met, your seedling will grow too tall and thin.

This may be due to improper light and temperature.

You see, when the light is insufficient, the plant will stretch for it, investing too much in its stem, which will turn out to be too tall, in the detriment of the plant’s leaves.

Thus, using more blue light and trying to keep the environment’s temperature at 80 degrees Fahrenheit should solve this problem.

Still, if your plants continue to be too tall, another solution would be to bend their stems back and forth.

While this may sound like a rough operation, it will actually strengthen the plant’s stem.

Just be careful not to break it, but bent it. Where the bent happens, the stem will slightly break, but the plant will immediately repair the spot, resulting in a thicker stem in time.

Hopefully, with the help of this guide, you will be able to take better care of your marijuana seedlings and start a great marijuana culture on your own.

How to Store Cannabis – Marijuana Buds properly

How to Store Cannabis
How to Store Cannabis

When you are involved with Cannabis growing and sharing, you will at some point during you career come across the question of how long your Cannabis will actually last in storage and how to store cannabis properly.

The answer to this question depends greatly on the methods you use to store your stock. Especially when your health depends on the quality of Cannabis you use, this is very important.

For example: you cannot afford to have mildew or mold in your Medical Marijuana, since the mildew or mold may actually aggravate the symptoms of whichever disease or condition you are treating by using the Cannabis.

There are several effective storage methods that can preserve the effectiveness and prolong the shelf life of Cannabis.

First of all, you have to ensure that your Cannabis is stored in a cool, dark and dry place. While there is no real date of expiry, the quality, efficacy and longevity of your product will always be better when you adhere to thjs rule.

Key factors that should also be considered

How to store cannabis
How to store cannabis2
How to store cannabis 3

Always bear in mind that the dryer the Marijuana, the more desirable for you as a personal user. While (for various reasons such as the fact that moist content renders a heavier product that weighs more and can therefore be sold for more) there is a tendency on the “Black Market” to sell Marijuana that is slightly moist, this can be risky due to the fact that mildew and other molds can infest the produce, which will render it useless.

Also bear in mind that these infestations thrive at a higher temperature (approximately between 77° and 86° F) and that it therefore makes sense to store your crops below 77° F.


Humidity is as important as temperature. In order to enhance conditions to the effect that formation of mildew and mold is discouraged, it is the general belief that humidity should be kept at between 59% and 63% RH. This also generally improves and maintains color, aroma, consistency and flavor.


In recent years, partly to confuse the smelling sense of drug detecting dogs, smuggled marijuana has been transported in all kinds of foul smelling substances such as engine oil, marine bilge water, sewage tanks and the like, which is a great incentive to grow your own Cannabis.

Packaging for commercial Cannabis is selected to suit those who will be supplying the street markets, and these people don’t consider the end user’s health or needs. You will therefore do yourself a great favor to produce your own Marijuana and store it in more ideal conditions.

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Storage Containers
how to store cannabis 4
how to store cannabis 5
how to store cannabis 6

If Marijuana is still illegal where you live, then it may be risky to prepack your stock in little packages that are ready to sell.

Should a cop happen to stumble upon it, they would immediately suspect you of smuggling, since they automatically see these little “prepacks” as evidence that you may be a drug dealer, because according to them only drug dealers will pack their stock in little “ready-to-sell” packets.

Fact of the matter is that to a grower it does not make good sense to keep their Marijuana in bulk packages, since there may just be a chance that one bud may have escaped the drying process, attract some mold and contaminate the entire batch.

It is therefore imperative that you divide your stock into smaller units away from each other. This will also be an advantage when one nosey person accidentally discovers one small unit of your stash. The rest of your harvest will still be safely stashed away.

A great idea is to place little absorbing silica-gel packets (obtained from the containers of products (electronics, foods, medicines and other products that normally include them) with your dried Marijuana into your packets.

You can use little zipper-top bags and squeeze out as much air as possible before sealing them. Another great method is to use glass jars with screw tops, and also include the little absorbing silica-gel packets.

If Marijuana is still illegal where you live, it is a great idea to pack your stash into small bags that contain less than an ounce each and then store these little bags in a glass jar with one or two extra of the silica packets.

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Edibles and other Cannabis containing products and substances

Remember that products that contain Cannabis, such as chews or cookies, will have an entire different set of rules for proper storage. Follow the guidelines on the packets, and preferably do not store these products for longer than 12 months.

Due to a lower content of organic matter, alcohol tinctures and other Cannabis concentrates are usually not as susceptible to mildew, mold and other contaminants as edibles are.

However, in order to protect potency and minimize possible contamination, it is always a good idea, and we always recommend that you follow the basic guidelines on any packet that contains Marijuana or substances that are derived from Marijuana.

how to store cannabis 7
how to store cannabis 8
how to store cannabis 9
Recommended for Cannabis storage
  • -Store in a cool, dry place, away from the sun;
  • -Store in containers that have a neutral charge, such as glass jars;
  • -Monitor RH levels, using hydrometers or other products such as Boveda;
  • -Minimize oxygen exposure by means of vacuum packing;
  • -Maintain and optimize flavor profiles by separating strains from each other;
  • -Always be on the lookout for newly developed and effective methods for storing your Cannabis.

The Cannabis industry is growing fast, and it makes sense to avoid stagnating. New products and equipment enters the market every day, and companies like Cannador and The Bureau expand continually, designing solutions for your Cannabis storage needs.

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NOT recommended for Cannabis storage

-Avoid the refrigerator. Humidity and temperature fluctuations can increase your risk of mildew and mold formations;

-Avoid the freezer. Freezing causes the trichomes, which are extremely fragile, to become brittle. They will snap off like little icicles when you handle them;

-Don’t store in plastic bags or plastic containers for a long time, since plastic often has a static charge that can attract the trichomes. If really necessary, use a plastic bag only for short-term storage. And only for small quantities of stock;

-Avoid storing near electronics or appliances that emanate heat, since heat rises. Rather store your Cannabis in a low cupboard or shelf. Even better if you have a basement in your house, since it works much like a wine cellar;

-Don’t use a tobacco storage container for your Cannabis. The oils in some of the woods used can transfer and influence the flavors of your cannabis;

Avoid storing grinders, pipes, etc. with your Cannabis. The smell of ash and resin from burnt Cannabis linger and will spoil the aroma of your stored Cannabis.

Hopefully you have learned something new by reading this article. For any questions, don’t hesitate to contact us.

How to cure Cannabis – Dry and cure Marijuana

how to cure cannabis

In order to be happy with your Cannabis crop all year round, you need to ensure that you have proper protection measures in place. Although simple, the means of storage are extremely important, and will make sure that you enjoy a good yield of excellent quality dried Marijuana. In this guide we will show you how to cure cannabis.

If you´ve had a successful harvest, you will need more space for storage than a section in a cupboard, or one drawer in your bedroom. Looking after your harvest properly will ensure that you have some good quality Cannabis for the whole year to come.

How to cure Cannabis: Intro

Besides the fact that you will have a whole year’s supply of your preferred strain of Cannabis, you will also have the peace of mind that you stash has not been sprayed with insecticides or pesticides.

Your seeds that you have kept for the following year won’t be damaged, and you will have proper hands-on control to prevent mildew, mold and other contaminants.

What you put into body will be what you have grown yourself, so you won’t have to be concerned about whether you are smoking contaminated stuff.

There is also those that believe that the Cannabis grow stronger while it is in storage. Whether that is true is not clear, but it could well be.

Knowing how to prepare, dry and cure your own Cannabis has great advantages. Learning how to do that now will definitely pay off later, when you reap the benefits of not having to worry about crops getting contaminated, etc.

For example: not drying the crops properly will almost definitely end up in you having to discard an entire harvest because of mildew.

Drying your Cannabis

How to cure cannabis 3
How to cure cannabis 2
How to cure cannabis

Drying is the most common method to prepare your crop for storage, and there are several key factors that have to be taken into consideration. The most common method is simply to uproot the plant and hang it upside down until it has almost no more moisture in it.

Hanging the buds
Hanging the buds

Contrary to popular belief, the reason for hanging the plants upside down, is not to allow the THC to spread from the roots to the rest of the plant. It is done purely for convenience.

It is easier to hang them like that, which is also the reason why tobacco plants are still being hung upside down today. A cord is tied around the stem directly underneath the lowest branch. It is tied tight enough not to allow it to slip past the roots.

The plants are also hung upside down in order to allow them to expire faster. Tobacco plants are also hung (cured) for that reason, since the tobacco would be extremely harsh and unpleasant to smoke if it was dried quickly in an artificial manner.

When a plant is uprooted, it goes into a “survival mode”, causing it to metabolize in a different way, resulting into the accumulation of simple plant sugars and less bitter chlorophyll, and causing a more aromatic and sweeter smelling plant.

These phenomena, caused by the curing process, resulting in the Marijuana being palatable, with a pleasant fragrance and a gentleness on the lungs.

The Cannabis is also stronger, and experts maintain that the curing process renders a stronger plant by coaxing maximum THC levels into the harvested plant.

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Air-drying your Cannabis Leaves
Air-drying your Cannabis Leaves 1
Air-drying your Cannabis Leaves 2
Air-drying your Cannabis Leaves 3

Air-drying is the best drying method for leaves as well as for complete plants, since by air-drying you can preserve the maximum pleasant aroma and spicy taste of the Cannabis.

To air-dry loose leaves after pruning or trimming, it is best to place them into airy cloth sacks so that the air can freely circulate among the leaves.

You can also place the leaves in absorbing paper bags, folding the tops of the bags over several times, thereby sealing them. Remember to frequently shake the bags to keep the leaves separate from each other.

The moisture will dissipate into the paper bags and then through the paper to the outside.

Another method that is sometimes used is to loosely place the leaves into mesh bags, such as the bags that onions are placed in. They can conveniently be kept aside for your drying purposes after the original contents (fruit or vegies) were taken from them.

This is a favorite method among people who dry small amounts of Cannabis for their own use.

When drying your own stash using any of the above methods, it is not necessary drying your Cannabis to the point of being crunchy. Many people prefer their leaves not to be crunchy or brittle.

They should be just moist enough not to crumble, and just dry enough to burn easily and evenly. This produces a sweet smoke when leaves or bud is chopped fine with scissors.

Note that air-drying is the only safe way to dry buds from which you intend to harvest seeds.

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Drying by means of microwaving the leaves and buds
microwaving the leaves and buds
microwaving the leaves and buds 2
microwaving the leaves and buds 3

When you need to dry Cannabis in a hurry, for example to prepare samples for testing/tasting, microwaving is ideal. The leaves can be placed into heavy based coffee mugs and microwaved on high for approximately 1 minute. Samples of about eight ounces are ideal to microwave in one batch.

Larger batches needs to be divided into smaller batches and then microwaved one batch at a time. Ideally these little batches should be placed into paper bags which are folded over at the top to seal them.

When you have more than one batch to dry, rotate them, letting a batch cool while another one is being microwaved. Carry on drying and rotating until you have reached the ideal state of “dryness.”

As with air-drying, the taste will remain best if the leaves are left slightly moist.

Note that buds that contain seeds that are intended for sowing next year’s crop should never be microwaved, since the microwaves will kill the seeds, and they will not grow.

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Using a Convection oven to dry your leaves or buds

Using a Convection oven to dry your leaves or buds

Cannabis can also be dried using your usual kitchen convection oven. Spread the buds/leaves evenly onto a flat baking pan. Make sure that the pan is NOT greased.

Dry at a temperature NOT HIGHER THAN 150 degrees F, and make sure that you turn the crops over every fifteen minutes. Do not over-dry the Cannabis since, once again, the taste will be better if the plants are slightly moist.

It is also better not to over-dry, since excessive heat will reduce potency.

One again, note that buds that contain seeds that are intended for sowing next year’s crop should never be microwaved, since the microwaves will kill the seeds, and they will not grow.

Using an open skillet to dry Cannabis

This can be done using a skillet held over a campfire, with the leaves inside the skillet. Make sure that only embers are left over from the campfire so as to prevent the leaves from catching fire because the skillet is too hot.

Do not hold the skillet too close to the embers, for the same reason. You may also use a skillet holding it over a propane camp stove in a remote cabin or in a standard household kitchen.

Fast-curing buds

Fast-curing buds

If you would like to sample the fruit of your labor sooner than later, fast- buds id the ideal methods to be able to do so… especially if this your starter crop and you have run out of stash.

You can fast-cure your buds, retaining the maximum flavor and potency as possible, using the microwave oven, but not if you want to keep the seeds to grow the following year.

Remove Seeds first

If you have to a microwave to dry damp cannabis, remove all seeds first to keep them from dying, or exploding and causing serious damage to equipment. And never microwave for longer than one minute at a time.

Probably the best method is to snip off the buds that you want fast-cure, and place them in an airlock bag, sealed with all of the air squeezed out.

Knead the buds from outside the bag, making them warm to “activate” the THC contained inside the buds.  Even standing on the bag full of buds with your bare feet works well doing this.

Squeeze the bud until they are wet with their own juices and slightly warm. They need to be a very dark green by then. No damage will be done to the seeds by doing this. Leave the sealed bag overnight under your pillow to keep the contents warm.

After about twelve hours, I remove the warm, crushed buds from their plastic bag and lay them neatly—with air space between them—on a dry, clean cookie sheet.

Next morning, preheat your kitchen oven to the lowest setting (somewhere between 150 and 180 degrees F). The Cannabis would have formed a “cookie sheet” inside the bag.

Take it out and place it in the oven for about half an hour, after which you then take it out of oven and turn it over, then place it back into the oven for another half hour. The buds should now be slightly moist and sticky, ideal for smoking.

The seeds can now be gently removed because they shouldn’t be harmed at all. Now place the seedless buds into a coffee mug, and snip them up with a pair of scissors into little pieces that are ideal for smoking.

I hope you learned something to take with you during this reading session. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact us.

How to grow big Cannabis Buds and Increase your Marijuana yield

How to grow big Cannabis Buds and Increase your Marijuana yield2
How to grow big Cannabis Buds and Increase your Marijuana yield

Every marijuana grower, including those that seriously consider growing marijuana, knows that the buds of the plant are the gem they’re looking to obtain. The reason you started growing marijuana is to take the best care of the plant so that it will start producing gorgeous buds, which you can later on use for extracting the resin or crystals needed for your recreational substances.

So how to make marijuana plants grow large buds and increase your marijuana yield?

With a bit of care and research, you will be able to obtain better performances from your plants, but be prepared to have some patience and invest some effort into the process.

To get a bud you will have to grow a plant from the stage of a seed, waiting for it to fully mature and flower, the production of the potent bud being the last stage of a plant’s development, the coronation of your efforts.

So, it is normal to want to obtain huge buds, because that means a high THC level you will enjoy. The following tips will help you get there easier, so make sure you go through all the steps presented below.

What are Marijuana Buds exactly?

Valuable info about the marijuana buds

This is a question that you must know how to answer before starting any work on growing marijuana. The bud is that part of the marijuana plant that grows during its flowering process, on its tips.

So it won’t appear right from the start, becoming visible only when the plant is completely mature and starts to flower.

It is true that marijuana leaves also contain a certain amount of THC, so you can use them as well, but it is the plant’s buds which are filled with this substance, making them the most sought after reward any marijuana grower is looking to enjoy.

You should also know that there are marijuana plants of different genders, male and female plants, which also trigger some differences when it comes to buds, differences you should be fully aware of because they are significant.

The development of well-supplied Cannabis Buds in 8 weeks
cannabis-plant-flowering Step2
cannabis-plant-flowering Step 3
cannabis-plant-flowering Step 4

Besides the obvious difference in the way female and male buds look, there is also a difference when it comes to their THC level. Many people think that only female buds can be smoked, but the truth is that male buds can also be used for recreational purposes without a problem.

While the female buds contain the highest amount of THC, being most potent and therefore more appreciated, male buds can also give you a good buzz if you choose to smoke them as well.

If you grow both female and male plants, it is recommended to keep them separate because if the pollen in the male buds ends up pollinating your female buds, the plants will begin focusing on making seeds rather than producing THC.

Of course, if you want to produce your next generation of marijuana plants, you should allow some male plants to pollinate a number of female plants, depending on the number of seeds you wish to produce for your future marijuana culture.

Female vs. male Cannabis Buds

Valuable info about the marijuana buds

Also, you should know that male buds appear faster on the plants than female buds, as they tend to start growing two weeks later. You will see the popping out at the base of every branch, where the branch starts to grow from the plant’s stem, and at the tip of the plant.

They will have a whitish color, be relatively rounded, and have a hairy appearance. So, how to make sure these buds grow large and become as potent as possible?

The answer is to make them grow fast. When the buds grow faster, even if their growth period is the same, they will have more time to get larger.

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Take care of the plant in the flowering stage

Take care of the plant in the flowering stage

As mentioned before, you need to take good care of the plant once it enters the flowering stage, if you want to make the buds grow faster and obtain bigger buds.

The first thing you can do is to remove all the yellow, dying leaves of the plant. A leave that started to get yellow will never be recovered because it entered an irreversible dying state.

These leaves only end up consuming the plant’s resources without doing any good, so removing them as soon as they start yellowing will mean more useful resources for your plant to invest in its buds.

So, check your plants periodically and remove these leaves, helping the plants use their resources better. Also, don’t throw these leaves away, because they still contain a decent amount of THC.

You can make marijuana brownies or butter out of them, for those days when you are low on weed and wait for the big harvest.

The nutrients you use are extremely important

You need to feed your plants adequately if you’re looking to obtain large buds. A plant that does not have all the resources it needs is not going to grow right and the buds won’t be that spectacular.

The moment you see buds emerging on your plants, it is time to give them a little treat. Phosphorous is what the buds appreciate the most, so you should provide them a mixture that contains 30% phosphorous, 10% potassium, and 10% nitrogen.

And right toward the last stage of their development, when they are almost ready, you can add extra potassium to the mixture.

If you want to do things easier, you can look for plant fertilizers that have the right nutrient mixture and use it as is on your plants, following the recommendations of the manufacturer.

Never forget about pH level – Very important

What most beginners in the marijuana growing domain don’t know is that fertilizers don’t work properly without the right pH in the soil.

It doesn’t matter what kind of growing support you use for your plants, soil or anything else because the pH will play a crucial role in how well the roots of your plants will absorb the nutrients you provide.

If the pH value is not the adequate one, your plants will either absorb too little nutrients or they will get too many nutrients, reaching a level of toxicity, both cases creating problems in the development of your plants.

Maintaining an adequate pH is the key to growing extra-large buds while having the wrong pH in the growing support can practically destroy your entire yield.

Main Nutrients of the Cannabis Plant

As mentioned before, phosphorus, potassium, and nitrogen are the main nutrients needed by marijuana plants to grow successful and produce great buds.

During the plant’s growth or their vegetative stage, marijuana plants use a lot of nitrogen. During their first weeks of the flowering period, they need more phosphorus, while toward the end of their flowering and maturing stage of the buds, a more generous portion of potassium.

Of course, this doesn’t mean that other nutrients are not important. Magnesium, zinc, calcium, and iron are also highly important in the growth and flowering of the plants, so they should not be disregarded.

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The effect of pH on nutrients

Each of the nutrients required by the plant has a different behavior according to the pH level of the soil. In other words, the pH will dictate whether the nutrient will contribute to the well-being of the plant, whether it will simply dissolve and do nothing to the plant, or whether it will turn into a toxic substance.

To understand this part better, just think about the reaction of chemicals when the temperature changes. For instance, water contains calcium, which cannot be seen if the water is cold because the calcium is completely dissolved at this temperature.

But if you take the same water and bring it to a boil, you will see the calcium precipitating, which means that calcium crystals will be formed and make this nutrient visible.

Wrong pH level leads to nutrient deficiency

So, if the soil is too acidic, the roots of the marijuana plants won’t be able to properly absorb some of the nutrients you provide. When the ph’s level is lower than it should be, for example, the plant won’t be able to take magnesium from the soil right, so the plant will suffer a deficiency of this nutrient.

In this case, it doesn’t matter that you supplement your plant’s fertilizer with magnesium because they will still show signs of magnesium deficiency due to the inadequate levels of the pH. And when such a deficiency occurs, you will be able to see signs that something is wrong with the plants.

When the plant cannot take enough magnesium, its leaves will turn yellow, even white in some cases, while maintaining the leave’s veins green.

If the pH level is causing the problem, before giving the plants magnesium supplements, you should correct the value of the pH, in this case raising it until the plants manage to take magnesium from the soil at proper rates.

What is the best pH level when growing marijuana?

If you are using regular potting soil, the ideal pH, in this case, is 6. In case you consider that growing your marijuana plants in Rockwool or with the help of hydroponics, the pH should have a value of 5.5.

There are special devices that will help you measure the pH and, by using proper substances, you will be able to regulate the pH’s values and reach the ideal level.

Improper pH-level provides nutrient deficiencies
pH wert
Never forget about pH

Too high pH                                                                          Too low pH

Check the electric conductivity (EC)

You probably understood the need for nutrients, water, temperature, and pH when growing marijuana plants, but how about electric conductivity?

While electric conductivity sounds rather fancy, it actually shows the status of the salt content in the plant’s growing support. The salt content will let you know how many nutrients are in the soil where the plants are growing or in the water you use for the plants.

If the electric conductivity in water indicates 0, it means that the water is purified and does not contain any kind of minerals and salts.

Also, the pH level of purified water should be 7. If we are to take the tap water found in the United States, the electric conductivity of this water ranges between 0.2 and 0.5.

These values indicate that tap water is not nourishing enough for your marijuana plants, so you will need to add more nutrients to it before serving it to the plants.

Increase the EC level
Check the electric conductivity
Check the electric conductivity
Check the electric conductivity

If the EC level is too low               Add nutrients             Until the desired value has been reached

How many nutrients to add to reach an adequate salt content level? The ideal level for electric conductivity is 1.0. So you will need to add nutrients to the water until this level is reached.

Of course, electric conductivity levels that are too high are not good for the plants either. In this case, salts and nutrients will begin building up in the soil, triggering the pH value of the soil or growing support to drop, making the roots of the plants stop absorbing nutrients as they should.

Light is important as well, but how much of it?
grow led light

Plants love light and marijuana plants are no different. If you want to increase the growth rate of your marijuana buds, you should provide more light to your plants.

With the help of light, the marijuana plant absorbs carbon dioxide and turns it into sugars, which are very useful for the development of the plant.

What you should know about marijuana is that this plant loves light. The plants that don’t enjoy sufficient light will grow slowly or they may stretch, turning into thin and long plants in their attempt to get more light, but they will never be able to produce the huge buds you’re looking to get.

A plant that grew uneven due to improper exposure to light will be hard to restore. Even in the case of buds, it would be recommended for them to be under a direct light so that they grow at a good rate and have the change to reach considerable sizes.

Light for Growing Cannabis Indoors

In case you opted to grow marijuana indoors, try to bring the light sources as close as possible to the plants, just be careful with the temperature around them not to exceed 80 degrees Fahrenheit because that will be too hot for them.

Managing to provide sufficient light to your marijuana culture will definitely allow you to enjoy a bigger yield. For growing marijuana indoor, HPS lamps are the best you can get.

You should consider 400 watts of light for every 13 sq. ft. of space where the plants grow, during their vegetative state.

When they start flowering, you should provide 600 watts of light over the same surface because this is the period when they need the biggest amount of light to produce the resources needed to grow the buds.

When it comes to lamps, you can use fluorescent lighting, as it is not that expensive, and can help you obtain good results.

The role played by carbon dioxide – Optional

co2 tank cannabis

Ever since we are in school we learn that plants need carbon dioxide to grow. This particular gas is for the plants what food is for us. In other words, your marijuana plants cannot live and grow without carbon dioxide.

Also, if this gas is insufficient, the plants will be underdeveloped and will certainly not come up with the large buds you’re hoping to get. The plants need carbon dioxide not just to grow, but also to flower, so you need to make sure they get plenty of it.

Also, it is worth noting that if you increase the intake of CO2, you should also provide more light for the plants, because the CO2 enhances their ability to use light, promoting a fast growth and getting large buds.

How much CO2 to give your plants?

The air where they grow should have anywhere between 350 and 400 ppm of carbon dioxide in its composition. With the help of light, the plant will turn CO2 into the much-needed sugars, which support the plant’s growth and flowering.

Bear in mind that of the quantity of CO2 from the air starts to decline, the plant will also begin to produce fewer sugars and that can affect their development. To avoid this, you need to make sure that fresh CO2 get to the plants by using a ventilation system.

Also, by just increasing the intensity of light and not increasing the amount of CO2 will not do any good. But if you increase both the CO2 levels and the intensity of the light, then your marijuana culture will certainly be more productive.

How productive will it become?

Do expect to obtain double than usual by simply adjusting these two factors. Many people don’t get this far because it can get quite expensive, due to the equipment needed in order to provide sufficient CO2 and light.

But, when you see the production you can obtain by doing so and getting huge buds that mean more THC, you’ll probably consider your investment and effort worth all this trouble.

Still, it will be quite challenging to maintain these conditions, so there’s a tip for maximizing your plant’s growth with minimum effort.

In case you do want to introduce more CO2 into the area where the plants grow, do everything you can to seal it. While the plants will feel spoiled in such an atmosphere, CO2 levels that are elevated can be very dangerous for humans, so you’ll need to stay away while the plants consume it.

The levels of humidity and temperature

cannabis humidity temperatur

The buds developed by your marijuana plants are also closely related to the levels of humidity and temperature in the surrounding environment.

While a warm atmosphere is recommended, air that is too hot will produce buds that are not that potent. You should know that the plant’s temperature requirements change, according to their development stages.

The right temperature

Thus, in the case of seedlings and cuttings temperatures between 68 degrees F and 77 degrees F (20 degrees C and 25 degrees C) are best.

As plants grow and mature, managing to evaporate better, the temperature can be increased. The air temperature that should be around your marijuana plants should not exceed 82 degrees F (28 degrees C).

So, when adjusting the light, increasing its intensity, make sure to monitor how the temperature is changing as well because brighter lamps will produce more heat and that can change the overall air temperature in the area where your plants grow.

Of course, the lights should not be on 24/7, because the plants do need their night and day cycle to develop well. So, when the lights are off, the ideal temperature is somewhere between 59 degrees F and 72 degrees F (15 degrees C and 22 degrees C).

Also, you should remember to keep the differences between night and day within an acceptable range. This means that there shouldn’t be a difference bigger than 50 degrees F (10 degrees C) between the temperatures your plants experience during the day and the ones they have during the night.

A difference that is around 40 degrees F (5 degrees C) is the best case scenario.

The right humidity

Concerning the humidity factor, the highest humidity levels should be during the first two weeks of vegetative state, when the plants are just seedling or cuttings because their roots are not yet well developed and they could use the humidity found in the air.

So make sure the humidity is high during this period, the ideal level being of 70%.

Also, high humidity should be using when the plants start flowering, maintaining to 65% during the first week of flowering, then slightly decreasing it until reaching 40% in the 9th week of flowering.

If you give your best to keep temperature and humidity under control, you will not just be able to obtain larger and more potent buds, but also buds with an incredible flavor.

Tips for pruning your plants that will deliver bigger buds

prunning cannabis buds 1
prunning cannabis buds 2
prunning cannabis buds 3

Many types of plants are pruned so that they become more productive. It is enough to take the example of tomatoes. Farmers are constantly removing useless shoots, which do nothing than consuming the plant’s resources, so that the plant focuses on a faster and better production of tomatoes.

Just like in the case of tomatoes, shoots will appear between the branch and main stem. If you remove these shoots, which will make the plant look thicker and have more leaves but will affect the size and quality of the buds, you will be able to enjoy huge buds with a great amount of THC during the harvesting season.

You see, when these shoots are removed, the plant will invest all of its resources in its top part, where the buds develop. So, besides large buds, you will also see the leave on the top becoming thicker and larger as well.

Plus there is the advantage that all plants will get the same amount of light because their leaves will be positioned at the same height.

But, the best time to prune your marijuana plants is during their vegetative state, because they do need a certain amount of time to heal before entering their flowering stage.

So, after pruning you should wait 3 days or even more before you push your plants to start flowering. Before moving to this particular level, look for signs that your plants began growing again and that their evaporation process is restored.

Also, lower the dosage of fertilizers during their recovery period. Just give them a couple of days without bothering them, allowing them to restore all their functions to normal.

Everything you need to know about Scrogging


The Screen of Green method, also known as SCROG, will still involve the pruning of your plants.

You should position a screen at 50 cm over your plants, a screen through which the plant’s stems can go through. Once the plants grew sufficiently and measure 10 cm above the screen you created, you should cut the top of every plant and allow the plant to grow new tops.

When the new tops are also 10 cm above the screen, you should take the top of each plant and gently bend it toward the screen, connecting it to the screen. Pruning comes into the scene when the first shoots start emerging through the screen.

After pruning, allow the plants to recover for a few days before persuading them to enter their flowering stage. Your marijuana plants will keep growing during the first two weeks of flowering, so don’t panic if you notice that your plant is slightly taller.

scrog flower

The SCROG method combined with the benefits of pruning can help you produce one gram of marijuana for every watt of light used. Thus, for every 600 watt light bulb, you will be able to enjoy 600 grams of marijuana. But, once again, do not forget about the importance of temperature, humidity, and other factors.

Learn to harvest properly

harvest cannabis

Once your plants start producing the buds, you will constantly wonder when is the best time to harvest them, so you can get the most THC content possible. If you get them too soon, the THC content will be low and you won’t get the right level of satisfaction from your buds.

If you let them stay for too long, the resin in the buds will start decomposing and will turn into a narcotic substance with a flavor that is too heavy and not that pleasant.

So, harvesting the buds when the time is right means enjoying the outstanding flavor they are capable of providing and the right effect you want to get from the THC-rich resin.

when to harvest cannabis

The buds continue to grow significantly even in their last three or two weeks, so harvesting them too soon means getting buds that are 25% smaller than they could have been if harvested at the right moment.

Don’t worry because the harvesting period for marijuana buds lasts two to three weeks, so you will have sufficient time to harvest all the buds in a timely manner.

But, harvesting them too soon will mean obtaining a smaller yield and buds that are not as potent as you may have wished.

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The right time to harvest plays an important role

Just remember that choosing when to harvest also impacts the weight, taste, and smell of your buds, besides the THC quantity.

How to tell when the buds are ready to be harvested? You need to keep a close eye on the bud’s pistils to see if they reached their maximum development stage and at the same time the biggest quantity of resin.

If only half or less of a bud’s pistils have an amber-brown color, the buds are not yet ready to be harvested.

If the pistils are amber-brown in a proportion of 50 to 70%, they might be able to be harvested, but it is still a bit too early, their taste being lighter at this point and so will be the high effect they provide.

The best time to harvest
when to harvest big buds 1
when to harvest big buds 2
when to harvest big buds 3

When the pistils are amber-brown in a proportion of 70 to 90%, this is the best time to harvest your buds. At this point, the buds reached their best weight and can provide the best effect and taste as well.

But, try not to be greedy and leave the buds on the plant past this moment, because if the pistils are brown in a proportion of 90 to 100%, it may be a bit late to harvest them.

Still, try to salvage them as much as possible in this case, although do expect a narcotic effect and a pregnant taste.

Of course, every marijuana grower may choose to harvest the buds a bit earlier or later, according to the high effect is personally preferred.

Once you get the hang of this process and discover what your preferences are, it will be easier to determine when to harvest your marijuana buds.

But, no matter when you harvest them, following the steps of this guide will help you enjoy large buds that contain a great amount of THC.

After all, the main purpose of growing marijuana plants is to enjoy their buds, which can be enhanced and made to provide improved effects with a bit of work, dedication, and investment.

If you are determined to obtain high-quality marijuana buds then the effort you are going to deposit during this process will not be in vain.

How to harvest Cannabis plants – Marijuana Buds

how to harvest Cannabis - Marijuana

how to harvest cannabis plantsThe process of cultivating cannabis plants is crowned by the harvest you gather and the joy.  It matters a lot, to your success as a cannabis plant grower, to harvest cannabis plants when appropriate and by doing this correctly.

You need to make sure that the plants have reached their top condition before you actually start harvesting, if you want to enjoy high-quality products. It is an incredible feeling to eat or smoke the plants that you grew from small seedlings, caring and nurturing with your own hands.

No matter what products you buy and regardless if they are of an outstanding quality, the plants you grow on your own will always deliver the highest degree of personal satisfaction.

When to harvest Cannabis plants

When to harvest Cannabis plants
When to harvest Cannabis plants

So, getting back to the harvesting process, when it is best to harvest cannabis plants?

As your plants mature, you need to keep an eye on them in order to spot any signs that they have reached the highest THC content, as this shows that they reached their maturity and they are ready to be harvested.

THC is a substance that is produced throughout the entire life of a cannabis plant, because it acts as a natural insect repellant and keeps bugs from harming the plant.

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Cannabis Leaves

Cannabis Leavs
Cannabis Leaves
Cannabis Leaves

THC is present in every part of the plant, but the leaves and especially its buds contain by far the highest concentration of THC.

Also, it is worth knowing that the concentration of THC in various parts of the plant may differ a lot, depending on how you work with each plant part. To put it this way, the leaves of the cannabis plant will reach maturity, from a THC content point of view, once they are entirely green and stop growing.

But, the female buds of the plant, if they are left unfertilized, can continue accumulating THC for another 6 to 10 weeks since the first time they bloomed, an aspect that is different from one plant strain to another. This is why the buds will always be much more potent than the leaves.

Different Strains – different harvest time

If you get your plant seed from a reliable seller, he will give you indications about when it is best to harvest the plant, again because this depends a lot on the strain.

But if you are growing several strains of cannabis or got seeds without getting information about harvesting, you will have to keep the plants under close supervision and follow your gut instincts on when it is best to harvest the plants. When it comes to harvesting leaves, pruning the plants adequately throughout their development should let you know when the leaves are ready to be harvested.

When the leaf reached its maturity, being completely green and extended, the maximum amount of THC has been reached. You can harvest some leaves while the plant continues to develop and head toward the flowering moment, but don’t overdo it, because it may traumatize the plant and it will delay its flowering.

Also, don’t prune the leaves around the buds, because they will continue accumulating THC until the plant flowers.

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Male Cannabis Plants – Flowers

Male Cannabis Plants – Flowers
Male Cannabis Plants – Flowers
Male Cannabis Plants – Flowers

While male buds don’t over the same potency as female buds, it is still worth harvesting them because they provide a decent high when smoked.

The best moment to harvest cannabis male buds is when they almost ready for pollination. This means that they will have the pollen sacks fully grown, hanging and visible, but not yet open.Now is the best stage to collect them if you want to enjoy the biggest amount of THC they can accumulate.

Also, it is worth saving a couple of male buds if you’re looking to pollinate the next year cannabis generation of plants.But, the biggest prize is to get the unfertilized female buds of the plant, the ones that are capable of providing the best sensations when smoking cannabis.

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Female Cannabis Plants – Flowers

Female Cannabis Plants – Flowers
Female Cannabis Plants – Flowers

Again, the buds will reach maturity depending on the plant strain you are growing. Once a plant flowers, pistils will raise from the flower, appearing like small hairs.

In their initial development stages, the pistils are white, which shows that they are not ready to be harvested just yet. A pistil that reached the highest level of THC will have a deep golden color or be even brown.

Also, both the female buds and the leaves in their proximity will have on their surface very small stalks, which are rich in THC resin. When this happens, the plant will appear like being frozen or covered in dew drops. When these small crystals appear, it means that the female bud reached the full bloom stage and you should be prepared to harvest the plant.

The crystals should have a crystal clear color or a milky white appearance when they are best to harvest. Don’t allow them to reach an amber-like color, because the THC concentration will drop, as these crystals will start to decompose.

Also, because of them and to avoid losing them, harvesting should be made with a lot of care and patience.

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Fertilized female flowers – harvest seeds

Fertilized female flowers - harvest seedsEach bud should be separated from the parent step by using a very sharp scissors and place the harvested buds into a bowl. This will help you get the seeds from your own plants in order to create a future cannabis plantation, allowing you to manually select the best looking seeds.

To do this, take a bud between your fingers and place a collection bowl under it.

Then gently squeeze and rub the bud between your fingers to allow the seeds to fall. You will definitely feel the seeds while you do this, so be careful not to drop them randomly.

If you don’t insist in growing another crop from the seeds of your own plants, although your plants are usually more productive when it comes to seeds rather than the buds you buy from any seller out there, to harvest your cannabis plants just uproot it entirely and hang it upside down, with its buds toward the ground. This will allow them to dry nicely before being used.

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How to clone Cannabis – Marijuana cuttings

How to Clone Cannabis

How to Clone CannabisWhile this may sound like a Sci-Fi scenario, making you think that for obtaining cannabis clones you need a well-equipped lab, it is worth knowing that achieving such a goal is not impossible. So, in this Guide we take a close look at “How to Clone Cannabis”.

You don’t need a laboratory and you don’t have to be a mad scientist, although you will need to be dedicated and have patience. Every hard-working cannabis grower wishes to do this because it is regarded as a well-deserved bonus for their perseverance and efforts.

Also, cannabis cloning will lead you toward a harvest that is much improved and a risk-free yield. What is it needed to unroll a successful cloning process? You need to determine which plants are healthy and most productive, both male and female because this is all you need to clone cannabis without any issues.

How to Clone Cannabis: Foreword

Foreword to Cloning CannabisBelieve it or not, with the help of one single plant, you can grow up to 50 clones every week.

In fact, if you already have your favorite plants, those that look the best of your entire crop, it would be even easier to pick the best specimens for this process.

Even if you never did this before, you should not hesitate trying it out, because it has an elevated success rate.

So, the chances for you not to be able to clone cannabis are quite reduced.

Also, if you plan to grow your cannabis business this is one of the best methods that will help you reach this goal, allowing you to obtain high-quality plants and a great harvest. You’d better make sure to sit comfortably because you are about to find out everything you need to know about cannabis cloning.

How to Clone Cannabis: What is cloning – what are clones ?

what are clonesEven if it appears like a fancy and complicated process, cannabis cloning is really not that complex or spectacular. It is all about clipping a part of your marijuana plant and moving it elsewhere, where it can develop on its own.

This is about it and this is why you need to find the best plants for this process because you are taking the vegetal matter that will turn into a new plant.

So making sure the matter is outstanding will guarantee an outstanding future plant as well.

Of course, this doesn’t mean that every cloning procedure will be a total success. There are some challenges as well, which are usually experienced by those cannabis growers that cultivate and grow their plants outdoors.

In this case, the best area to do cannabis cloning is where the growing period is longer. Thus, you allow the plant’s clones to develop and grow sufficiently.

Even so, the new plants may not reach the full size of the parent plant. Still, don’t get this wrong, because even if the plant is shorter, you can still enjoy plenty of buds in the harvesting period, the top of the plant having buds on almost all of its surface.

A Tip for Cloners

As a tip from cannabis growers that practice cloning, the parts of the plant harvested to produce clones should be the branches located at the bottom. These branches will never get enough light, therefore not managing to develop like the others do.

So, from a single cannabis plant, you can take anywhere between 2 and 4 branches at once, without putting the health of the parent plant in danger.

If all these clones survive, your harvest will be much improved if not even doubled, depending on the number of branches you decide to harvest. But, do have in mind that more than half of the clones will not make it.

Yes, there are high chances for them never to grow roots and grow into healthy cannabis plants. But, don’t allow this aspect to discourage you.

As mentioned previously, you can take several branches of each healthy plant, which means plenty of clones and a decent number of clones that manager to grow roots.

The mother plant for the cuttings

The mother plant for the cuttingsThe process should always start with choosing the plants that will provide the clones. Don’t make hasty decisions in this case, because you need to find a plant that looks strong, which grew fast and nice, produces great buds, and provides great yield.

Also, do have in minding that timing is very important as well when it comes to taking plant parts for cloning.

Thus, it is not recommended at all to cut branches off your plant during the flowering period.

Branches harvested when the plant is blooming will be more prone to dying rather than to growing roots, so make sure your cannabis plants are in a vegetative state when you do this.

It means that the plant stopped growing and it is not getting ready to bloom either. It is also worth knowing that the best clones are the ones taken from regular cannabis seeds and not from seeds that have been feminized.

You see, feminized seeds are produced only when the cannabis plant goes under stress. So if you will stress them once more by harvesting branches for cloning, the stress can make them hermaphrodites.

Also, do not harvest clones from a plant that is under two months old. The minimum requirement a cannabis plant should meet in order to be suitable for cloning, besides being healthy and vigorous, is that it should be two months old, if not even more.

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Preparing the mother plant

It would be even better if you could wait for the cannabis plant to be in a vegetative state of three months because you’ll be able to take several clones in safety without compromising the health of the plant.

So, let’s say that the plants meet this requirement and you already have your eyes on several potential plants that might be just great for cloning.

Before taking the clones away, you need to prepare the plants. A week or two prior to clipping off the clones, the selected plants should receive 10% less nitrogen than usually.

Doing so will definitely increase the chances for your clones to grow roots successfully.

How to cut a Clone

How to cut a Clone
How to cut a Clone
How to cut a Clone

                 Select a clone                                 cutt of side branches                         to promote growth

How to cut a Clone
How to cut a Clone
How to cut a Clone

                   Cut leaves                                    to avoid evaporation                             clone ready to start

When selecting a clone, make sure you choose a good looking branch, which will 6 to 8 inches after it has been removed from the parent plant. The branch should have at least one pair of leaves on it, while the bottom branches of the clone should be removed, because they will never produce anything, only consuming the plant’s resources.

The cutting tool you will use should be sharp enough because you want to cut and not rip apart your plant. Also, when cutting the clone from the plant, you may want to make a diagonal cut, because the resulted area will be wider, allowing more roots to grow than in the case of a straight cut.

Once the bottom branches of the clone have been removed, you will also have to cut the remaining leaves in the top almost in half. This means to remove the tips of the leaves, leaving more than half of the leaf on the clone, in order to avoid evaporation.

Besides sharp knives or scissors, you will also need rooting gel or powder, and rock wool cubes or potting soil, depending on the method you will choose to use, to make sure that your clones have all the chances and conditions they need to grow roots.

Making Cannabis Clones in Rockwool

clone rockwool 1
cutting clones
clone rockwool 3

  Soak rockwool in 5.5 pH water                   slant cut the clone                           dip clone in rooting gel

Making Cannabis Clones in Rockwool
Making Cannabis Clones in Rockwool
Take care of the clones

      Place it in a rockwool cube                  put them in a propagator                  create ideal temperature

The method that uses rockwool cubes means having the clones prepared as mentioned earlier and dipping their bottom part in rooting gel or power, to have the root production stimulated.

Once this is done, you will have to place the lower area in a rockwool cube and put the plant under CFL light. To promote root growth, make sure the plants enjoy a humidity of 90% and temperatures between 72 and 75°F (or 22 and 24°C).

Also, soak the rockwool cube in water with a neutral pH, of 5.5, a few hours every day. Then, be patient, because it takes between 8 to 12 days for roots to emerge if everything goes according to plan.

Making Cannabis Clones in Soil

clones soil4
Making Cannabis Clones in Soil
Making Cannabis Clones in Soil

              Slant cut the stem                             Dip it in rooting gel                    Stick the plant into the soil

Making Cannabis Clones in Soil
Making Cannabis Clones in Soil
Making Cannabis Clones in Soil

                   Push a little                                  Give the plants water                    Spray the plants with water                

Making Cannabis Clones in Soil
Making Cannabis Clones in Soil
Making Cannabis Clones in Soil

          Spray the propagator                          Create a nice climate                         Put it under cfl lights

Potting soil is also good for creating clones, instead of rockwool cubes, so don’t hesitate using this method if it seems more suitable. Before putting your clone into potting soil, all the mature leaves will have to be removed first, leaving only a few leaves at the top of the stalk, which will have their tips cut.

Again, dip the cut bottom part into rooting powder or gel and put the clone into a small container that has potting soil it in. Once they were nicely placed in the soil, give the plants some water and put them under CFL lights, where they should remain until their roots will grow.

Don’t forget to spray water on the plants periodically, to keep the humidity in the air elevated. And keep in mind to water the plants with regularity.

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Making Cannabis Clones in Water

Making Cannabis Clones in Water
Making Cannabis Clones in Water
Making Cannabis Clones in Water

           Use water with EC 5.8                            cover top of cup                            cut small hole in cover

Making Cannabis Clones in Water
Making Cannabis Clones in Water
Making Cannabis Clones in Water

          dip clone in rooting gel                     put it into the water                         clones will root in 5-10 days       

Believe it or not, you can even make clones in water, without rockwool cubes or potting soil. Yes, this method can be successful if you follow a few rules. Again, remove all mature leaves from the stem, leaving just the top leaves.

You will need a container with water, a small bottle being most suitable because its narrow neck allows the plant to stay straight while its stem is in the water. Next, you will want to fill the container with water that has been improved with food for plants.Then take the cones and submerge their stalks in the water and leave them this way, stirring the water every few days so that algae won’t develop.

But, if you do spot algae, changing the water will solve the problem for you. Don’t place the clones under direct sunlight, providing them with indirect light or light that is a bit less intense until new leaves start forming at the top of the plant.

By the time new leaves start growing, the roots should start doing the same, a sign that the plant is kicking and ready to start developing. Still, don’t take the plant out of the water just yet, allowing it to form a nice ball of roots that will make it prepared to be placed in soil.

How to transplant Clones

How to transplant ClonesOnce you clones have a good amount of roots, regardless of the method you decided to use, it is time to finally transplant them. The operation is similar to the one unrolled when dealing with seedlings in the growing season, so if you did that then you’ll probably know what this is all about.

The transplanting process is pretty much the same in the case of clones that rooted in potting soil or rockwool cubes. But, when it comes to clones that developed roots in water, things change a little, and a different transplanting method should be used.

Prepare the transplanting spot by digging a hole that is large enough to fit the container and the water where the plant grew roots. Then move the plant, together with its container and water, to the location where you will transplant it. Keep in mind not to expose the roots of the plants to air, this part being extremely important to make sure that the transplanting process will be successful.

Place the plant in the hole you create it and cover it with soil. Then pat gently on the soil to make sure that the soil covers the roots firmly and that air has been removed. Finish by watering the plant with sufficient water that was mixed with quality plant food.

Take care of the clones

Take care of the clonesClones that developed roots are very unlikely to die, so if you care for them properly, they will grow and develop and reach the flowering stage within two or three months.

It is worth knowing that the clone may end up having a different sex than the plant that provided the stem.

So you should not be stunned if something like this happens. Just make sure that until the clones develop roots, to keep them in warmer temperatures than regular room temperatures, somewhere between 72 and 77°F being ideal.

Also, it would be good to know that watering their support, like soil or rockwool, won’t help them too much because they have no roots to absorb the water. Instead, you can help them by spraying water on their leaves, as it will be absorbed this way much better.

Nutrients that are milder can also be delivered to the plant in this manner, by spraying them on the leaves, giving the plant everything it needs to thrive.


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